Priory of Sion: Jean de Gisors

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Priory of Sion Grand Master: Jean de Gisors

The society’s first Grand Master was Jean (John) de Gisors a French nobleman of the 12th century, born in 1133 and died in 1220.  

A Norman lord of Gisors fortress in Normandy, and a former vassal (who gave military service in return for protection or land) to Henry II and Richard I, Kings of England.

Around 1170-1180, purchased Buckland Manor in Hampshire, and went on to found Portsmouth, thus creating a trading route between England and France.

He donated lands to Augustinian Canons of Southwick Priory, to build a chapel in memory of Thomas Becket ; martyr of Canterbury Cathedral.  

A 12th century elm tree marked the border between Normandy, ruled by the English, and the royal lands of France.  It became a place for negotiations between English and French Kings.

With the fall of Jerusalem, English and French Kings squabbled under the elm tree, and in 1188, the French cut down the tree in question.

With the fall of the elm tree, the Priory of Sion separated from the Knights Templar, and went on their own path, with Jean de Gisors assuming the post of the first Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

Jean de Gisors supported Prince John’s failed rebellion against King Richard I in1193, and it cost him dearly; the forfeiture of his lands to King Richard I of England.

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References/Sources:
The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln.
The Templar Revelation by Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince.

Rex Deus by Marilyn Hopkins, Graham Simmans and Tim Wallace-Murphy.

Knights Templar: Bloodlines

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The Sinclair Clan, the guardians of the Templar Order of Scotland…

So it was in 1128, the Scottish/Templar alliance came into existence when founder of ‘Order of the Knights Templar’ one Hughes de Payens met with King David I of Scotland, at the request of Henry Sinclair.

Following the 1129 Council of Troyes, St.Bernard de Clairvaux integrated Scotland’s Celtic Christian Church, which hid itself within Catholicism.

When King David I ascended to the Scottish throne, he faced a Celtic Christian Church with financial hardships, and so its survival relied on it being part of St.Bernards Cistercian Order.

The Cistercian Order had no direct links with Rome, but was permitted to operate as a separate arm of Rome… Which resulted that all Scotland’s Abbeys became known as Cistercian Abbeys.

King David’s sister, Edith married into the Flemish House of Boulogne, the driving force and founders of the Knights Templar.

The Sinclairs were more than just Templars, for they held membership with the Priory of Sion, they being the inheritors of treasurers of both orders.

Once Christian Crusaders from across Europe had freed Jerusalem, an unanticipated new order was created; The Knights Templar consisting of nine founding members not poor monks or warriors, but members from the European aristocracy, derived from royal Flemish families.

The Templar Order of the Knights Templar was created to protect Christian pilgrims as they journeyed to Jerusalem.  This being an effective cover for this secretive Order, the Priory of Sion and their true mission in Jerusalem.

Rome had charged the order, the Knights of St.John with the responsibility for protection of the pilgrims, many on route to Jerusalem.  The Templar Order was believed by many, using a cloaked disguise, protecting pilgrims, whilst their true agenda was excavation beneath ruined temples.

This leaves us with a question, who be the Masonic Order, who be the Priory of Sion, and what be their true agenda?

The Priory of Sion, a secret organisation with roots older than the Knights Templar.

Known themes of the order being; Arcadia – Black Madonnas and Mary Magdalene, have links to the priory and connected to this underground order.

Members of the Order of the Priory of Sion are divided into two groups:

The Legion, charged with the apostolate.
The Phalange, guardians of the tradition.

Office of Navigator, carries the symbol the boat of Isis.  Holding a sailing boat, with spinning wheel spindle as its mast, and water jug on top, with a serpent shaped handle, indicating Isis steers the bark of life.

The boat of Isis according to Egyptian legends, the vessel represents the female organ of generation.

The ‘Ark of the Covenant,’ believed to have been modelled by ancient Israelites.

Grand Masters/Leaders of the Priory of Sion:

  • Jean Gisors (1188-1220)
  • Marie De Saint-Claire (1220-1266)
  • Guillaume De Gisors (1299-1307)
  • Edouard De Bar (1307-1336)
  • Jeanne De Bar (1336-1351)
  • Jean De Saint-Claire (1352-1366)
  • Blance D’Evereaux (1366-13980
  • Nicolas Flamel (1398-1418)
  • Rene D’Anjou (1418-1480)
  • Lolande De Bar (1480-1483)
  • Sandro Botticelli (1483-1510)
  • Leonardo Da Vinci (1510-1519)
  • Connetable De Bourbon (1519-1527)
  • Ferdinand De Gonzaque (1527-1575)
  • Louis De Nevers (1575-1595)
  • Robert Fludd (1595-1637)
  • Valentin Andrea (1637-1654)
  • Robert Boyle (1654-1691)
  • Isaac Newton (1691-1727)
  • Charles Radclyffe (1727-1746)
  • Charles De Lorraine (1746-1780)
  • Maximillian De Lorraine (1780-1801)
  • Charles Nodier (1801-1844)
  • Victor Hugo (1844-1885)
  • Claude DeBussy (1885-1918)
  • Jean Cocteau (1918-1963)

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Knights Templar: Balantrodoch

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There is little doubt that the Templars had a large number of estates in Scotland. The 1185 inventory of Templar properties only applied to England, and an inventory which took place after their arrest, never took place in Scotland.  In 1312, the Pope decreed the suppression of the Templars, but King Edward II locked in conflict with Scotland had no intention of enforcing it.

King David I of Scotland (1124-1153), granted the manor and chapel of Balantrodoch to the Order of the Knights Templar in 1153, which became their headquarters on the outskirts of Edinburgh.

King Malcolm IV of Scotland (1153-1165) donated a complete homestead within every burgh throughout his kingdom of Scotland.

William the Lion (1165-1214) gave to the Knights Templar, the barony of Maryculter which comprised of 8,000 acres.

It is said Alexander I – II & III along with Robert I & II, James I – III & IV went on to increase Templar Estates from the Royal Exchequer.

When the Templars were outlawed, their lands and buildings were supposed to pass into Hospitalliers hands, whose Scottish seat was at Torphichen in West Lothian.  The Pope’s orders were seldom followed, as was the case here, and it continued to be the parish church for local inhabitants.  As the years and centuries passed by the ‘Chapel of Balantrodoch,’ fell into dis-repair.

To the west of the village, in the valley of South Esk by the River Esk stands the ruined church of Balantrodoch with remnants of Gothic tracery and animals above the windows.  The original church had a round nave, like many Templar churches, a look alike of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.  The church roof has long since gone… with some walls still remaining.  The west end was the entrance to the church, with the altar at the east end, with old niches carved into the walls, where once would have housed tombs, but these are long gone now.  Gravestones in the old graveyard bearing the symbols of carved skull and crossbones, one associated with death and the Knights Templar.  Others like the trowel and egg timer, we associate with the Freemasons along with the classic symbol of the compass and set square.

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To the east of the village, stands the remains of the preceptory arch, out amongst the fields.  This being the original entrance to the Templars Manor House.

One event which involved William a preceptor and Templar of Ballentrodoch and his wife Christiane of Esperston.

William gifted the family home to the Templar Order in return for renting the said property, thus creating a life without financial hardships.

William suddenly died, his wife Christiane was penniless, and now the family home belonged to the Templar Order.  Which led to a Templar preceptor casting poor Christiane and her children from the former family home.  As she clutched at the door, her fingers were cut off by a sword at the hands of a Templar.

A distraught and homeless Christiane went to Newbattle Abbey where Edward I was staying and pleaded her case to him, and he so ordered her property be returned to her.  Not long after, war broke out and she found herself evicted once again. Richard her son, pleaded her case to Brian de Jay of the Templar Order.  Her property was once again returned to her, in return for her son acting as a guide for Welsh troops under the command of Brian de Jay.  It was nothing more than a trap, for Richard was murdered by Welsh troops by order of Brian de Jay.

At the Templar Trials, Brian de Jay was accused of acts of heresy, even though he could not answer the charges, having been killed at the ‘Battle of Falkirk.’  One Thomas Tocci de Thoroldeby claimed he had referred to Christ as being a mere man, and not a God.

Wikipedia Images:
Balantrodoch Chapel
Preceptory Arch

Sources:
In Search of the Knights Templar by Simon Brighton.

Benjamin Franklin: Freemason & President

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Benjamin Franklin was one of America’s greatest diplomats and hero of The War of Independence, born on the 17thJanuary 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts, son of Josiah Franklin soap maker, and his mother Abiah Folger.

It was his parents wish, that Benjamin should enter the church.  However, restraints on family finances saw him attend Boson Latin School for only two years, which meant he could not graduate.  Left school aged ten to work in his father’s soap and candle business.

Aged 13, Benjamin undertook the post of an apprentice to his brother James who ran a printing business, and founder of the 1721 New-England Courant Newspaper.

Benjamin wanted to write for the paper, but James said no.  So Benjamin did it anyway in defiant of his brother, by taking a pseudonym; Mrs Silence Dogood … they became a hit amongst the readers.  When he admitted to his brother it was he writing the letters, James became very jealous of the attention he had received.

James got thrown into jail for taking on the established Puritan Preachers on the controversial subject of smallpox, leaving Benjamin to run the paper.

Instead of thanking his brother for keeping the paper going whilst he was in prison, James made Benjamin’s life a living hell, until 1723 when he walked out.

Aged just 17, Benjamin went to Philadelphia, and worked in the printing industry, but it was Governor Sir William Keith of Pennsylvania who suggested he should go to London, where he worked as a typesetter.  Aged 20, he returned to Philadelphia with the help of Thomas Denham, a merchant who employed him.

The Junto group was formed in 1727 by Benjamin Franklin, consisting of artisans and tradesman intending to improve their community.

The exact date when Benjamin Franklin was initiated as a Freemason is unknown, but believed to be in the February of 1731, at St. John’s Lodge in Philadelphia.

Reading and discussions were their main aim.  As books were expensive, so the subscription library came into force.  This led to the founding of the “Library Company of Philadelphia” in 1731 by Franklin.  In 1739, books were housed at the State House of Pennsylvania … now we refer to it as Independence Hall.  All that changed in 1791 when a building was specially built for the purpose, containing rare books, pamphlets, 160,000 manuscripts and some 75,000 graphical items.

In 1728, Franklin set up a printing business with Hugh Meredith; The Pennsylvania Gazette, it was a forum by which he could comment on local reforms.    Over a period of time, he gained the respect of his local community.

In 1731, Benjamin Franklin was initiated into the Masonic Lodge.  In 1732 went on to publish the first German language newspaper, and in 1734 was appointed Grand Master of Pennsylvania’s Masonic Lodge, and that same year published the “Masonic Book in the America’s.”

Aged just 17 in 1723 Benjamin Franklin proposed to 15-year-old Deborah Read, but the offer of marriage was declined by her mother.  Deborah went on to marry John Rodgers, who accrued debts, and fled to Barbados to avoid prosecution, and being flung into jail.

In 1728 Benjamin Franklin fathered a child named William … mother not known.

Due to bigamy laws at that time, Deborah was not free to take Benjamin Franklin as her husband. So it was that Franklin went on to establish what was known as a common-law marriage on 1stSeptember 1730.

They had three children; “William, Franklin’s illegitimate son, Francis Folger Franklin born October 1732, who died aged four of smallpox.  Sarah Franklin born in 1743, who went on to marry Richard Bache, and they had seven children.

Along with running a printing shop, they ran a store, selling soap and fabric which Deborah was responsible for, and a book store run by Benjamin.

In 1733 Franklin published “Poor Richards Almanack” under the name of Richard Saunders, containing witty aphorisms and lively writings.

Around 1735, Benjamin Franklin was elected Secretary, a post he held until 1738.  He belonged to a committee responsible for the drafting of Lodge Laws.

In 1736, he organised Philadelphia’s Union Fire Company, the first of its kind in the city.  Then in 1752 he helped to found the Philadelphia Contribution for Insurance Against Loss by Fire.

For it was in 1743 Franklin invented a heat-efficient stove, and named it the Franklin Stove, to warm houses more efficiently.  He never took out a patent on its design, claiming it was for the people, to help improve society.  Then in 1749, Franklin retired from printing and concentrated his efforts on science and innovations, which led him down the route of electricity in the early 1750’s.

Politics introduced Franklin into new areas, and in 1757 went to England to represent Pennsylvania, over who should represent the Colony and its descendants.

William Franklin Benjamin’s illegitimate son studied law in the early part of the 1760’s.  He like his father before him also fathered an illegitimate son; William Temple Franklin born 22ndFebruary 1762, who went into care.  Later that year he married Elizabeth Downes, upon passing the bar, and was appointed Royal Governor of New Jersey in 1763.

America opposed the Stamp Act in 1765, had it not been for his testimony to Parliament which persuaded members to cancel the said act.

Benjamin Franklin’s wife died in 1774 of a stroke, whilst he was in England, he had often begged her to come to England, but she feared sea travel.  Franklin went on to stay in England as a Colonial representative until 1775.

Benjamin Franklin is remembered as one of the greatest of the Founding Fathers of the United States, having signed all original founding documents: (Declaration of Independence – Treaty of Paris – U.S. Constitution).

Benjamin Franklin played a major role in America’s development:

  • Unifying the colonists in their rebellion against England.
  • Philosophy concerning the rights of mankind.
  • Facilitating the American Revolution.

Benjamin Franklin, member of secret groups, in America, France and England, the main players of the War of Independence.

  • Master of the Masonic Lodge of Philadelphia.
  • Master of the Nine Sisters Lodge of France, from which came the French Revolution.
  • England’s Hell-Fire club, a political and sexual club founded by Francis Dashwood.

Franklin was Deputy Postmaster General for North America, and agent to the Pennsylvania Assembly, who resided in London, England for sixteen years.

Franklin became great friends with Francis Dashwood, Lord Despencer, and became a regular guest at the Dashwood estate of West Wycombe Park.

Some six miles from the Dashwood estate, on the banks of the River Thames, close to Marlow, laid the ruins of Medmenham Abbey.  A former Cistercian Order of Monks, founded it in 1145, the perfect location for the Hell-Fire club, located in a grove of trees, and almost concealed from sight.

The Roman Room within the Abbey housed indecent Roman frescoes, walls covered in famous English prostitutes, complimented with Egyptian gods and goddesses in wall niches.

Around 1752, Dashwood opened the Medmenham Monks Society, later known as the Hell-Fire club.  For his monks, there be nuns…  Many were prostitutes, other’s local women who craved excitement, but mostly ladies of society.

The order consisted of two groups of monks; the superiors and inferior members.  The Hell-Fire club was frequented by many important people, with combined power, they could control governments.

It was for this reason Benjamin Franklin became a member around 1764.

Franklin had many friends in England, but his loyalty to America, and the corruption in English politics, made him question, whether America should break their connection with England.  Then it came to his attention that one Thomas Hutchinson, thought to be working for the American people as an English-appointed Governor of Massachusetts, but in truth still worked for King George III of England.

Declaration of Independence

Shortly after his return to America, Franklin was elected to the Second Continental Congress, and was involved in drafting the Declaration of Independence, which was signed by 56 representatives including himself on 4thJuly 1776.

The French Government signed a Treaty of Alliance in 1778 with the American’s, and Franklin went on to sign the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Upon his return home, Franklin was honoured for his works; he became President of the Executive Council of Pennsylvania, a delegate of the Constitutional Convention, signing the Constitution.

One of his final acts he will go down in history for; the anti-slavery treaty of 1789.

Benjamin Franklin, a loyal subject to his country, fought for what he believed in, and died aged 84 on the 17thApril 1790.  It is said 20,000 people attended his funeral.  His legacy still lives on…

Benjamin Franklin’s Masonic Timeline:

On the 6thJanuary 1705 Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston Massachusetts.

Franklin organized the Leathern Apron Club in 1727, a secret society in Philadelphia.

1730-1731: In the February he was initiated into Philadelphia’s Saint John’s Lodge.

In the June of 1732, drafted a set of By-Laws for Saint John’s Lodge.

On the 24thJune 1732 was elected Junior Grand Warden and Grand Master of Pennsylvania.

In the August of 1734, advertised the reprint of Anderson’s Constitutions of the Free Masons, the first Masonic book printed in America.

During Franklin’s administration as Grand Master 1734-5, The State House and Independence Hall. According to the old Masonic and family traditions the cornerstone was laid by him and the Brethren of Saint John’s Lodge.

According to letter written by Franklin on the 13thApril 1738 to his mother.  He is reportedly have stated that Freemasons have no principles or practices that are inconsistent with religion.

On the 25thMay 1743 visited Saint John’s Boston Lodge.

On the 29thAugust 1749 the Tun Tavern Lodge petitioned Provincial Grand Master Franklin for a Deputation under his sanction.  On the 13thMarch 1750 he was deposed as Provincial Grand Master and immediately appointed Deputy Grand Master by William Allen, Provincial Grand Master.

On the 12thMarch 1752, was appointed on Committee for building the Freemason’s Lodge in Philadelphia, and on the 25thOctober visited the Tun Tavern Lodge.

On the 24thJune 1755 played a prominent part in the Grand Anniversary and Dedication of the Freemason’s Lodge in Philadelphia, the first Masonic building in America.

In 1760 became Provincial Grand Master of Philadelphia.

On the 17thNovember 1760 present at the Crown & Anchor in London, England’s Grand Lodge.

In 1776 Benjamin Franklin became affiliated with Masonic Lodges in France.

On the 7thApril 1778, he assisted at the initiation of Voltaire in the Nine Sisters Lodge, a famous lodge in Paris.

On the 28thNovember 1778 officiated at the Lodge of Sorrou, the Masonic Funeral Service.

Benjamin Franklin was elected Worshipful Master on the 21stMay 1779, a post he held for two years.

In 1782 elected Venerable Worshipful Master of Loge des Neuf Soeurs, Grand Orient de Paris.

On the 7thJuly became member of the Respectable Lodge de Saint Jean de Jerusalem.

On the 24thApril 1785, elected Venerable d’Honneur of Respectable Lodge de Saint Jean de Jerusalem.

In the 1785 elected honorary member of Loge des Ron Amis, Good Friends, Rouen France.

On the 19thApril 1906, memorial services were held at his grave side in Christ Church yard, Philadelphia by officers of the Pennsylvania Lodge.  The occasion being to observe the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Franklin.

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George Washington: Freemason & President

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George Washington: Freemason & U.S.  President

George Washington was born on the 22ndFebruary 1732, to parents Augustine and Mary Washington at Bridges Creek, Westmorland County, Virginia. He was the eldest of six children.    His great-grandfather John Washington, a former clergyman was based in the County of Essex in England.  He took his family, seeking pastures new, leaving his native land, and in 1657 settled in Virginia, America.

On the 12thApril 1742, Augustine Washington, George Washington’s father, dies at the age of 49.

The young George Washington, was taken under the wing of his elder half-brother Lawrence, fourteen years his senior.  Lawrence suffered from tuberculosis, and they sailed to Barbados, seeking a cure, but things took a turn for the worst, when he contracted and died from the smallpox disease in the July of 1752.  George Washington inherited Lawrence’s 2,500-acre plantation of Mount Vernon.  He resided at Mount Vernon and managed the plantation, until Anne, Lawrence’s widow died in 1761, where upon he assumed full ownership of the property.

George Washington’s early Masonic Steps:

  • On the 1stSeptember 1752:  First recorded meeting of Fredericksburg Masonic Lodge in Virginia.
  • On the 4thNovember 1752: Washington is initiated and entered as an Apprentice Freemason (First Degree)
  • On the 3rdMarch 1753: Washington reached position Degree of Fellow Craft, Freemason (Second Degree)
  • On the 4thAugust 1753: Washington reached the position Sublime Degree of Master Mason (Third Degree)

On the 15thMarch 1754 Major Washington was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the Virginian Regiment, upon the death of Colonel Joshua Fry.

On the 28thMay 1754 Militia forces under the command of Washington, clashed with French forces in Ohio Valley.  It is thought these first shots, were known to have started the French and Indian War.  Having been pulled into battle with French forces around the 3rdJuly, Washington ordered his men to build a rough stockade and named it Fort Necessity, located near present day Farmington.  They were overwhelmed and surrendered the fort, and retreated back to Virginia.

The Battle of Monongahela of the 9thJuly 1755 at Braddock Pennsylvania where French and Indian forces defeated the vanguard of the British Army.  Commanding Officer, one General Braddock is mortally wounded, and Washington leads remaining force back to Virginia.

Washington looking for recognition for his military services in western Pennsylvania takes leave of his command from 4thFebruary to 25thMarch

and travels to Boston with George Mercer meeting with Governor Shirley.  Returning to Virginia on 28thMarch, Washington assumes his command of the Militia, and spends much of 1756-57 there on active duty.

In the latter months of 1758, the General Forbes expedition with Washington as his aide-de-camp expel French forces from the forks of the Ohio River.  The French burn Fort Duquesne withdraw and head north.

On the 6thJanuary 1759 Washington takes a wife, marrying the wealthy widow; Martha Dandridge Custis, becoming stepfather to her two children; Jack and Martha, as they settle down in Mount Vernon.

On the 12thJanuary 1759, Washington becomes an elected representative for Fairfax County and as such attends the House of Burgesses, in Williamsburg, Virginia.

Washington’s views started changing, and as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, stood up and opposed the Stamp Act and Townshend Acts.

On the 3rdOctober 1763, Washington takes up the post of Warden of Pohick Anglican Church, near his home of Mount Vernon.

On the 16thJuly 1765 Washington is re-elected to the House of Burgesses for Fairfax County.

The year 1774 were changing times in Washington’s political views, as he shook off his lifelong loyalties to Britain.  On the 1stAugust he receives his membership of the First Virginia Provincial Convention at Williamsburg.  That same year elected leader of seven delegates to the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia.

In the April of 1775 confrontation with the British quickly turned to armed conflicts, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts.  George Washington had much experience of being a commander, and was well versed in military matters.  So, it was on the 15thJune, he was elected Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army.  On the 3rdJuly Washington assumes command of the siege of the British Army in Boston, which ends with a U.S. victory on the 17thMarch 1776.

The Battle of Long Island, saw the U.S. Continental Army being beaten by English forces on the 27thAugust 1776.  Washington chose to retreat with his army across the East River… for they could fight another day.

Around the 17thNovember 1776, British forces captured Fort Lee and Fort Washington along the Hudson River.  At the same time Washington moves his forces across New Jersey towards Pennsylvania. With the British Army capturing Ft. Lee and Ft. Washington along the Hudson River, Washington begins moving his army across New Jersey toward Pennsylvania.

On the 26thDecember Washington crosses the Delaware River defeat the British at the Battle of Trenton.

On the 3rdJanuary 1777 Washington defeats Lord Cornwallis at the “Battle of Princeton,” New Jersey. The British Army is forced to retreat to New York for the winter months.  On the 11thSeptember British forces are victorious at the “Battle of Brandywine.”  The British Army occupies Philadelphia on the 26thSeptember, and on the 26thSeptember, and Washington is defeated at the “Battle of Germantown.”

The Battle of Monmouth Courthouse is fought on the 28thJune 1778 without a clear victor, as British Army withdraws on the 29thheading towards New York City.  On the 28thDecember Washington meets with Congress in Philadelphia looking to raise support for his army.

On the 19thAugust 1781, news reaches Washington of U.S. victories in the southern states.  With General Cornwallis trapped near Yorktown, in the August, barely holding out until the 19thOctober when they were forced to surrender.

On the 23rdMarch 1782, Washington receives an embroidered silk Masonic apron from Elkanah Watson and Francis Corentin Cossoul commercial agents in Nantes, France.  Washington wore this apron at the 1793 U.S. Capitol cornerstone ceremony.

The Treaty of Paris is formally signed on the 30thSeptember 1783, bringing to an end the American War for Independence.

On the 17thAugust 1784, Lafayette visits and presents Washington with a Masonic Apron at his Mount Vernon home.

At the U.S. Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia on the 25thSeptember 1787, Washington is elected president of the convention.

A committee from Alexandria Lodge № 39 asked Washington to serve as “Charter Master” of the lodge as it changes from Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to Grand Lodge of Virginia, in the spring of 1788.  The charter is approved on the 28thApril with George Washington as the lodge’s Worshipful Master.

On the 7thJanuary 1789, George Washington is elected as the First President of the United States of America, and on the 30thApril is inaugurated as President of the United States in New York, using a Bible from St.John’s Lodge No.1.  Oath of office is administered by Chancellor and Grand Master of New York.

On the 25thAugust 1789, Mary Washington, a proud mother of President Washington, dies at her home in Fredericksburg, aged 80 years.

On the 17thAugust 1790, Washington, sailed up from New York City, arriving at Newport, Rhode Island, congratulating people on becoming the thirteenth state.

On the 5thDecember 1792 President Washington is re-elected and serves a second term as President of the United States, and his inauguration takes place on the 4thMarch 1793 in Philadelphia.

Cornerstone Ceremony of 18thSeptember 1793:
Three Masonic Lodges = Cornerstone of U.S. Capitol

  • Potomac Lodge № 9 and
  • Federal Lodge №
  • Alexandria Lodge №

Items Used at the Cornerstone Ceremony:

  • Silver Trowel with Ivory handle made by John Duffy owned by Alexandria-Washington Lodge №
  • Wood T-Square and Level own by Alexandria-Washington Lodge №
  • Marble Gavel with wood handle, made by John Duffy owned by Potomac Lodge № 5, Washington D.C.

It is believed that Washington wore the Watson-Cassoul apron sent to him in 1783 to the ceremony.

On the 6thOctober 1794, at Bedford, Pennsylvania, President Washington takes to the field as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The militia ha gathered there to suppress the “Whiskey Rebellion” in western Pennsylvania.

On the 18thAugust 1795, the U.S. Senate creates the Jay Treaty with Great Britain. This treaty insures the United States will remain neutral in the war between the Republic of France and the European monarchies.

On the 4thJuly 1798, with the threat of war looming ever closer with France, President. Adams appoints Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Armies.

In the August of 1798, the Rev. G.W. Snyder of the Reformed Church, in Fredericktown, Maryland, sends Washington a letter regarding the Illuminati and Freemasonry in the United States. He encloses Proofs of a Conspiracy against all the Religions and Governments of Europe, carried on in the Secret.  Meetings of Free-Masons, Illuminati etc.

On the 14thDecember 1799, a tired George Washington’s life was nearing its end, and at 10.20pm he died.  On the 18thDecember, Washington is buried at Mount Vernon with Anglican Christian Burial Rite accompanied by a Masonic funeral ceremony. On the 22ndMay 1802, wife of George Washington and first President of the United States, one Martha Washington dies at the family home of Mount Vernon.

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King Philip IV: Greed and Vengeance

King Philip VI of France

King Philip IV of France

In 1302, Pope Boniface VIII issued a Papal Bull; King Philip IV of France was excommunicated.  King Philip retaliated by having Pope Boniface kidnapped, little did he expect, that the shock of it would kill him.

Pope Benedict XI, successor to Pope Boniface died suddenly, and history believes he may have been assassinated on the orders of the French King; Philip IV of France.

The church found itself under duress from King Philip IV, having two Popes recently die, and King Philip complicit in their deaths. The Vatican felt it had no choice but to elect Bertrand de Goth, childhood friend of King Philip, as “Pope Clement V.”

With the infrastructure and institution of the Vatican, ruled by King Philip, and used by the French King to prosecute the Knights Templar.  So, it came to pass, the “Order of the Knights Templar,” were arrested on Friday 13thOctober 1307, tortured and put on trial.

“Friday the Thirteenth,” became known as a day of evil, based on what the French King had carried out, one based on greed and jealously, a day motivated by pure evil.

Pope Clement V, found himself in a difficult position, having been made Pope by King Philip, former childhood friend, and he questioned the validity of the charges against the Knights Templar, and confessions under torture.  He resented the King’s interference with an Order operated under papal jurisdiction, friend or no friend, he felt it was wrong, and called that they should be released.

The persecution of the Templars was solely driven by one man, King Philip IV, in his desire for their wealth.  The Vatican played an active part in their destruction, ever being controlled by the French King.

King Philip brought down the wrath of theologians from the University of Paris down on him.  They informed their King, he was in violation of Canonical Law in using military forces for their arrest, and interrogations.  Any interrogations should have been undertaken by the Holy Mother Church, and judgements be rendered in ecclesiastical courts only.

In 1308, Pope Clement V issued the “Chinon Parchment,” which exonerated the “Order of the Knights Templar,” and their Grand Master; Jacques de Molay of all charges.

In 1311, the Council of Vienne, voted that the Vatican would actively support the Knights Templar.

This didn’t change anything in the eyes of King Philip, he continued in his quest to rid himself of the Templar Order.

In 1312, Pope Clement V was forced into issuing the Papal Bull – Vox in Excelso (Voices from on High), changing the status of the Knights Templar from an active order to a suspended order.  The Order of the Templars, was only suppressed within the Vatican and its grounds, and purely as a political move, more to satisfy the French King.

According to historical documents, the Pope faced a situation not of his making.  On one hand, he had no sufficient reasons for a formal condemnation of the Order of the Knights Templar.

Historical Treasures

Whilst on the other hand, he had King Philip IV who hated them so much, who had taken them to trial on charges of heresy.  He wanted their assets; property, land, gold and money.

All official Vatican statements, highlighted pressure and interference from the French King, and it was noted any Papal Bull issued in favour of the Knights Templar, would not be accepted as a legal document by the French King.

The Vatican had already granted the Order of the Knights Templar permanent and independent sovereignty in its own right, on the basis of its own ecclesiastical authority of the Templar Priesthood, per the Papal Bull “Omne Datum Optimum” of 1139.  Thus, the Pope had no formal ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the Templar Priesthood.  Under Customary and Canon Law, the Pope had no power to assert any sovereignty over the Templar Order.

By definition the Pope could only exercise Vatican sovereign power over his own institution, known to us as the Vatican itself.

By 1312, French persecution had effectively suppressed the Order of the Knights Templar, and forced them to survive as an underground network.

Based on the terms of the Chinon Parchment, Templars who had been pardoned and absolved from any acts of heresy, would be legally acquitted.

Jacques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney had confessed to three Cardinals, acts of heresy at Chinon Castle, and were given absolution.  Within months they retracted their confessions which had been obtained through torture.

In a rage King Philip IV of France condemned to death these two Templar’s, to be burnt at the stake in the centre of Paris on the 18th March of 1314.  Their ashes were gathered up by holy men and carried away for burial in holy places.

Knights Templar Burnings

Scotland’s Freemasonry

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William St.Clair

Scottish Freemasonry started with the building of Rosslyn Chapel to the south of Edinburgh.

The Evidence:

  • Rosslyn has links to the Jewish Temple through the Knights Templar and Freemasonry.
  • If one looks at the ground plan of Rosslyn Chapel, it is a copy of Herod’s Temple in Jerusalem.
  • Within Rosslyn Chapel, there exists a stone document showing a First Degree Ceremony conducted by a Knights Templar.

Carvings within Rosslyn Chapel, were cut first from wood, await inspection by the Master of the Works, then cut in stone.

The lower window located in the chapel’s south-west corner, depicts a Freemasonic First Degree.  The figure shown be of a blind man kneeling between two pillars, with a noose around his neck, and a bible in his left hand.  The rope is held by another wearing the mantle of a Knights Templar.

The Seven Points… A Masonic Ceremony:

  • The man be blindfolded, an unusual form of blind justice.
  • The man kneels down.
  • The man holds a bible, many other figures holding books or scrolls can be found in Rosslyn Chapel.
  • The man has a noose about his neck, the only other figure within the chapel with a noose, is the angel Shemhazai wearing one about his feet.The sins of Shemhazai, caused God to send in the flood.  Shemhazai unable to face God hung himself between heaven and earth.
  • The man placed his feet in the posture used by Masonic candidates.
  • The ceremony takes place between two pillars of Masonic Lodge.
  • The noose being held by a knights Templar.

In 1440 William St. Clair renowned as one of the most powerful men in Scotland.

The building of Rosslyn Chapel was to house the treasures he had inherited from the Templars and establish a seat of spiritual authority to rival King James II who was dabbling in English politics and killed during the War of the Roses.

Formation of the Grand Lodge of Scotland:

1440 Masons given the Mason word by William to preserve the secret of the Templars.

1483 Masonry is starting to spread out as lodges initiate Candidates and give the ‘Mason Word.’

1599 Earliest surviving lodge just minutes from Edinburgh.

1601 James VI made a Mason at Lodge of Scoon and Perth.

1602 William Schaw sets up the modern lodge system in Scotland upon the instructions of James VI.

The Lodges of Scotland affirm William St. Clair of Roslin as hereditary Grand Master Mason of Scotland.

1603 James VI takes Freemasonry to England where he becomes King James I of England.

1641 Sir Robert Moray becomes the first Mason recorded to be born on English soil.

1715 First Jacobite Rising, lodges begin to disclaim their Scottish roots.

1717 Formation of Grand Lodge of London denies Jacobite heritage.

1725 First National Grand Lodge formed in Ireland.

1736 Grand Lodge of Scotland formed as a counter measure to London’s expansion.

William St. Clair of Roslin made First Grand Master Mason of Scotland and signs away his hereditary rights in favour of elected officers.

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