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The Ninth Crusade

king edward I

Prince Edward I soon to be King

Prince Edward (Edward I) heir to the English throne arrived at Tunis with his forces, only to find the attack upon the city had been called off, and a diplomatic agreement brought the eighth crusade to an end.

Edward and his forces continued on to Acre, the last crusader outpost in Syria, thus starting what would be the Ninth and Final Crusade.

He succeeded in capturing Nazareth, and obtained an agreement with the Sultan of Egypt to agree a favourable treaty for Christians and pilgrims.

In 1272, Edward returned home to England, and was crowned King Edward I of England at his coronation on the 19th August 1274.

A fleet of warships from Venice and Aragon arrived to defend remaining crusader states in 1290.

Acre Castle - Palestine

Acre Castle

The Crusader flame was slowly being extinguished, as al-Ashraf Khali attacked Acre, the final place under crusader control, which fell within seven weeks, and the crusaders were driven out of the Holy Land.

The Crusades in the Holy Land had come to a sticky end…

The Crusades were wars of unprovoked aggression against countries, who fought battles within the Holy Land, who until we arrived, believed in their own faith. A holy war was started by Rome.  Its aim to spread Christianity across the land.

(Images) Edward I & Acre Castle: Wikipedia

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6 thoughts on “The Ninth Crusade

  1. That is an interesting post. I did not know that King Edward the Longshanks led a crusade.

    I’m not sure what you mean by writing that the Crusades were unprovoked. First, you know that the Seljuk Turks were gobbling up land belonging to the Byzantine Empire, the Umayyad Caliphate had taken North Africa and much of Spain, and, prior to all this, traditionally Christian areas of the Middle East had fallen to the followers of Muhammad. Also, just before Urban II’s call for a Crusade, Christian pilgrims to the Middle East were being tormented and enslaved by Islamists. Any of these is sufficient cause for a war! That the Crusades were essentially defensive is further proved by continued Muslim aggression following the fall of the Crusader States all the way until the loss of the Ottoman Turks at Vienna on September 11, 1683.

    The Faith of the people living in Palestine was generally Christian and Jewish until the advent of Islam, and even then many Christians lived in
    that area when the First Crusade began. So, one can’t say that either Islamic governments or the Crusaders represented the culture of everyone in that area.

    Liked by 1 person

      • My opinion is that the Byzantine Empire, which acted as a buffer between Eastern Europe and the Turks, would have been overcome much more quickly without the distraction of the Crusades and the Crusader States. This might have led to greater success in the Turkish invasion of the Balkans, since Western technology might not have been as able to offset the Turks’ advantage in numbers prior to 1345, which seems to be the year the Turks first crossed into Europe. Strides in European technology were slow to nil before Europe became more stable in the eleventh century. I think that the Turks might have invaded in the twelfth rather than the fourteenth century without the Crusades. However, this is all speculation on my part.

        Liked by 1 person

  2. A knotty problem, “the aims of war”. I fear that what we have been taught is often far from the whole story. Personal and national aggrandizement, and above all the demands of trade and commerce are so often nearer the truth. High ideals can be a great recruiting factor – plunder to make life sweeter on this earth and the promise of eternal happiness (Heaven/Paradise/Valhalla etc.) as a reward for disposing of one’s “enemies” are all great draw-cards. Or am I just an old cynic? Des.

    Liked by 1 person

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