King Alexander III of Scotland, heir was Margaret Maid of Norway, who became Queen, aged just two, and was promptly betrothed to Edward, the son of King Edward I of England; the next English King. She died aged seven in September 1290, leaving Anglo-Scottish relations in uproar, for no one person held the undisputed claim of being King of the Scots.
Thirteen claimants stepped forward, and with no outright agreement, they asked King Edward I, to arbitrate, and they would abide by his choice. John Balliol was Edward’s choice, one he could control.
By 1306, John Balliol had crossed Edward I, who defeated him at the Battle of Dunbar, and Edward had him imprisoned in the Tower of London. Upon his release, he fled to France.
In 1306, Robert the Bruce, murdered his only rival to the Scottish throne; John Comyn, and was crowned King of Scotland.
With thousands of Templar’s fleeing unjust trials, on trumped up charges of heresy and being burnt at the stake, many fled to Scotland, offering their sword to Robert the Bruce and Scotland.
Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, sought Independence from the English.
King Edward I died in 1307, and his son became King Edward II, yet his lack of leadership, gave Scotland the breathing space, from attacking forces.
In 1310, Robert Bruce raided English cities in the northern parts of England, and went on to re-capture some of the Scottish castles, held by the English.
Sir Philip Mowbray, captain of Stirling Castle promised the Scots in 1313, if they stop their siege upon the castle, he would yield it to them at midsummer 1314, unless English forces came to his aid first.
King Edward II was forced to take a large army to Scotland, and Stirling Castle, to stop this uprising.
On the 23rd June 1314, Henry de Bohun charged towards Robert Bruce, who side stepped his lance, in return Bohun received the axe from Bruce, smashing through his helmet, and into his brains.
The army of Robert Bruce was outnumbered against Edward’s battle-hardened knights, but the Scots chose their ground carefully. They used the natural terrain to their advantage.
It wasn’t long before the English made their first mistake; getting hemmed in between the River Forth and Bannocburn. Scottish warriors bore down upon them with spears, crushing them into marshy grounds. As the English tried to escape, Scottish guerrillas fell upon them and massacred hundred in the process.
On the second day of the “Battle of Bannockburn,” mounted Templar Knights smashed through Edward’s infantry and cavaliers, with Scottish knights led by Sir Robert Keith coming up behind.
Edward had no choice, his army was being slaughtered before his very eyes, and he fled the battle, heading for the safety of Stirling Castle, only to be turned away.
Edward headed to Dunbar, and Escaped Scotland by boat, arriving in England defeated.
Robert the Bruce commemorated that day in Scottish history by defeating the English and achieving Scottish Independence… England never recognised Scotland’s Independence.
Robert the Bruce created the Order of Heridom and the Brothers of the Rosy Cross (Rosicrucian). Later would be known as the Order of Kilwinning, Scotland’s first Masonic Order with Robert the Bruce as its first Grand Master.