The campaigns of the Baltic Crusades were fought in difficult terrain and often in snowy weather conditions that could hardly have been more different from the blazing heat of the Holy Land Crusades.
One historical Teutonic Knights campaign took place on the 5th April 1242 as they clashed with Russians under the command of Alexander Nevsky at Lake Peipus in Eastern Estonia.
Some 30 mounted knights and sergeants along with 250 Estonian foot soldiers, clashed with 300 Russians.
Dressed in distinctive white mantles emblazoned with a black cross, the knights were well equipped with helmets, mail coats, swords and spears. They were confident they had superior armoury and weaponry, so they charged at the Russian ranks, only to be encircled and forced back. These warriors were forced onto the frozen lake where most of them were slaughtered.