Paul Revere was born on the 21st December 1734 in Boston to parents; Apollos Rivoire and Deborah Hitchbourn. His father was a silversmith, and Paul was trained in the art, and when his father died in 1753, he carried on the family business. He became one of America’s finest precious metal craftsmen. He also practiced dentistry and developed an early form of orthodontics.
In 1760 Paul Revere became a Freemason, and shortly thereafter joined two political groups; “The Sons of Liberty” and “The North End Caucus.” He would become an active member in the Sons of Liberty, a group consisting of American Patriots who sought liberty for the colonies.
In the August of 1765, Paul Revere took part in the Stamp Act riots, which saw mobs tear down government offices in protest, which forced Parliament to withdraw the impending Stamp Act.
In 1766, Parliament brought forth the “Declaratory Act” giving them the right to tax the colonies.
Paul Revere was not a man of words, but a silversmith and started producing engravings highlighting the British Government, and their unpopular laws in Boston.
On the 1st October 1768 a force of 2,000 British soldiers arrived in Boston. Tensions quickly rose between occupying British forces, which led to the deaths of five Boston civilians on the 5th March 1770, a tragedy that was known as the Boston Massacre.
Paul Revere produced the engraving “The Bloody Massacre” showing the murderous act which took place in King Street, Boston. His propaganda convinced the public that Britain’s Parliament was flawed in their colonial policies. Revere and the Sons of Liberty kept the memory of the Boston Massacre alive in people’s minds. For on the first anniversary of the massacre “5th March 1771.” Revere staged a display of Boston Massacre engravings from his home windows. This form of propaganda achieved the desired effect, persuading civilians that liberty was a just cause.
In the April of 1775, rumours spread that the British forces stationed in Boston were preparing to attack the Sons of Liberty and American patriots. What the British didn’t know, the Sons of Liberty were watching them, so they could warn of an impending attack.
Patriot leader Dr Joseph Warren dispatched Paul Revere and William Dawes by separate routes to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock.
Paul Revere put in place another warning system. Robert Newman would set lanterns in the steeple of the Old North Church to alert colonists in Charleston. One lantern meant the British were coming by land and two lanterns by sea.
Later Paul Revere would serve in the American Army as an artillery man and thereafter turn his attention back to his silversmith business, which led to his expansion with a sheet copper mill. This gave the American navy the option to use copper in ship hull production.
In later years, he served as Grand Master of Boston’s Masonic Grand Lodge. Paul Revere died on the 10th May 1818.