George Washington was born on the 22ndFebruary 1732, to parents Augustine and Mary Washington at Bridges Creek, Westmorland County, Virginia. He was the eldest of six children. His great-grandfather John Washington, a former clergyman was based in the County of Essex in England. He took his family, seeking pastures new, leaving his native land, and in 1657 settled in Virginia, America.
On the 12thApril 1742, Augustine Washington, George Washington’s father, dies at the age of 49.
The young George Washington, was taken under the wing of his elder half-brother Lawrence, fourteen years his senior. Lawrence suffered from tuberculosis, and they sailed to Barbados, seeking a cure, but things took a turn for the worst, when he contracted and died from the smallpox disease in the July of 1752. George Washington inherited Lawrence’s 2,500-acre plantation of Mount Vernon. He resided at Mount Vernon and managed the plantation, until Anne, Lawrence’s widow died in 1761, where upon he assumed full ownership of the property.
George Washington’s early Masonic Steps:
- On the 1stSeptember 1752: First recorded meeting of Fredericksburg Masonic Lodge in Virginia.
- On the 4thNovember 1752: Washington is initiated and entered as an Apprentice Freemason (First Degree)
- On the 3rdMarch 1753: Washington reached position Degree of Fellow Craft, Freemason (Second Degree)
- On the 4thAugust 1753: Washington reached the position Sublime Degree of Master Mason (Third Degree)
On the 15thMarch 1754 Major Washington was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the Virginian Regiment, upon the death of Colonel Joshua Fry.
On the 28thMay 1754 Militia forces under the command of Washington, clashed with French forces in Ohio Valley. It is thought these first shots, were known to have started the French and Indian War. Having been pulled into battle with French forces around the 3rdJuly, Washington ordered his men to build a rough stockade and named it Fort Necessity, located near present day Farmington. They were overwhelmed and surrendered the fort, and retreated back to Virginia.
The Battle of Monongahela of the 9thJuly 1755 at Braddock Pennsylvania where French and Indian forces defeated the vanguard of the British Army. Commanding Officer, one General Braddock is mortally wounded, and Washington leads remaining force back to Virginia.
Washington looking for recognition for his military services in western Pennsylvania takes leave of his command from 4thFebruary to 25thMarch
and travels to Boston with George Mercer meeting with Governor Shirley. Returning to Virginia on 28thMarch, Washington assumes his command of the Militia, and spends much of 1756-57 there on active duty.
In the latter months of 1758, the General Forbes expedition with Washington as his aide-de-camp expel French forces from the forks of the Ohio River. The French burn Fort Duquesne withdraw and head north.
On the 6thJanuary 1759 Washington takes a wife, marrying the wealthy widow; Martha Dandridge Custis, becoming stepfather to her two children; Jack and Martha, as they settle down in Mount Vernon.
On the 12thJanuary 1759, Washington becomes an elected representative for Fairfax County and as such attends the House of Burgesses, in Williamsburg, Virginia.
Washington’s views started changing, and as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, stood up and opposed the Stamp Act and Townshend Acts.
On the 3rdOctober 1763, Washington takes up the post of Warden of Pohick Anglican Church, near his home of Mount Vernon.
On the 16thJuly 1765 Washington is re-elected to the House of Burgesses for Fairfax County.
The year 1774 were changing times in Washington’s political views, as he shook off his lifelong loyalties to Britain. On the 1stAugust he receives his membership of the First Virginia Provincial Convention at Williamsburg. That same year elected leader of seven delegates to the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
In the April of 1775 confrontation with the British quickly turned to armed conflicts, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. George Washington had much experience of being a commander, and was well versed in military matters. So, it was on the 15thJune, he was elected Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. On the 3rdJuly Washington assumes command of the siege of the British Army in Boston, which ends with a U.S. victory on the 17thMarch 1776.
The Battle of Long Island, saw the U.S. Continental Army being beaten by English forces on the 27thAugust 1776. Washington chose to retreat with his army across the East River… for they could fight another day.
Around the 17thNovember 1776, British forces captured Fort Lee and Fort Washington along the Hudson River. At the same time Washington moves his forces across New Jersey towards Pennsylvania. With the British Army capturing Ft. Lee and Ft. Washington along the Hudson River, Washington begins moving his army across New Jersey toward Pennsylvania.
On the 26thDecember Washington crosses the Delaware River defeat the British at the Battle of Trenton.
On the 3rdJanuary 1777 Washington defeats Lord Cornwallis at the “Battle of Princeton,” New Jersey. The British Army is forced to retreat to New York for the winter months. On the 11thSeptember British forces are victorious at the “Battle of Brandywine.” The British Army occupies Philadelphia on the 26thSeptember, and on the 26thSeptember, and Washington is defeated at the “Battle of Germantown.”
The Battle of Monmouth Courthouse is fought on the 28thJune 1778 without a clear victor, as British Army withdraws on the 29thheading towards New York City. On the 28thDecember Washington meets with Congress in Philadelphia looking to raise support for his army.
On the 19thAugust 1781, news reaches Washington of U.S. victories in the southern states. With General Cornwallis trapped near Yorktown, in the August, barely holding out until the 19thOctober when they were forced to surrender.
On the 23rdMarch 1782, Washington receives an embroidered silk Masonic apron from Elkanah Watson and Francis Corentin Cossoul commercial agents in Nantes, France. Washington wore this apron at the 1793 U.S. Capitol cornerstone ceremony.
The Treaty of Paris is formally signed on the 30thSeptember 1783, bringing to an end the American War for Independence.
On the 17thAugust 1784, Lafayette visits and presents Washington with a Masonic Apron at his Mount Vernon home.
At the U.S. Constitutional Convention held in Philadelphia on the 25thSeptember 1787, Washington is elected president of the convention.
A committee from Alexandria Lodge № 39 asked Washington to serve as “Charter Master” of the lodge as it changes from Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to Grand Lodge of Virginia, in the spring of 1788. The charter is approved on the 28thApril with George Washington as the lodge’s Worshipful Master.
On the 7thJanuary 1789, George Washington is elected as the First President of the United States of America, and on the 30thApril is inaugurated as President of the United States in New York, using a Bible from St.John’s Lodge No.1. Oath of office is administered by Chancellor and Grand Master of New York.
On the 25thAugust 1789, Mary Washington, a proud mother of President Washington, dies at her home in Fredericksburg, aged 80 years.
On the 17thAugust 1790, Washington, sailed up from New York City, arriving at Newport, Rhode Island, congratulating people on becoming the thirteenth state.
On the 5thDecember 1792 President Washington is re-elected and serves a second term as President of the United States, and his inauguration takes place on the 4thMarch 1793 in Philadelphia.
Cornerstone Ceremony of 18thSeptember 1793:
Three Masonic Lodges = Cornerstone of U.S. Capitol
- Potomac Lodge № 9 and
- Federal Lodge №
- Alexandria Lodge №
Items Used at the Cornerstone Ceremony:
- Silver Trowel with Ivory handle made by John Duffy owned by Alexandria-Washington Lodge №
- Wood T-Square and Level own by Alexandria-Washington Lodge №
- Marble Gavel with wood handle, made by John Duffy owned by Potomac Lodge № 5, Washington D.C.
It is believed that Washington wore the Watson-Cassoul apron sent to him in 1783 to the ceremony.
On the 6thOctober 1794, at Bedford, Pennsylvania, President Washington takes to the field as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The militia ha gathered there to suppress the “Whiskey Rebellion” in western Pennsylvania.
On the 18thAugust 1795, the U.S. Senate creates the Jay Treaty with Great Britain. This treaty insures the United States will remain neutral in the war between the Republic of France and the European monarchies.
On the 4thJuly 1798, with the threat of war looming ever closer with France, President. Adams appoints Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Armies.
In the August of 1798, the Rev. G.W. Snyder of the Reformed Church, in Fredericktown, Maryland, sends Washington a letter regarding the Illuminati and Freemasonry in the United States. He encloses Proofs of a Conspiracy against all the Religions and Governments of Europe, carried on in the Secret. Meetings of Free-Masons, Illuminati etc.
On the 14thDecember 1799, a tired George Washington’s life was nearing its end, and at 10.20pm he died. On the 18thDecember, Washington is buried at Mount Vernon with Anglican Christian Burial Rite accompanied by a Masonic funeral ceremony. On the 22ndMay 1802, wife of George Washington and first President of the United States, one Martha Washington dies at the family home of Mount Vernon.