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Knights Templar and the Scottish Sanctuary

Scotland had always been an important location for the Order of the Knights Templar.  The political landscape in Scotland at that time, made it a particularly suitable sanctuary, following the attack against the Templars by King Philip Of France and the Pope.

With the death of King Alexander III of Scotland in 1286, the ancient line of Celtic kings came to an abrupt end.  For there was no brother, sister or children, and his only heir was Margaret: The Maid of Norway, who died on route to Scotland, leaving Scotland with no King or Queen.

The land of Scotland lay in dispute by possible successors, each prepared to take up arms and fight for Scotland’s crown.  The infighting continued, until it was agreed to ask for help from King Edward I of England in choosing Scotland’s new king and ruler.

However, King Edward I had other ideas, he took advantage of the situation by lending support to John de Balliol, one of the contenders for the Scottish throne and kingdom.  In return Edward demanded of Balliol his support, thus he became a vassal of the English King and paid homage for his Scottish Kingdom.  The Scots were not fooled, and he was unpopular and gained the title “Toom Tabard.”  The translated version being “Empty Gown” for he had become the puppet of King Edward I.  Edward had no respect for Balliol, and often publicly humiliated him.

In 1296, John de Balliol refused King Edward’s call for Scottish warriors to fight side by side with English forces against France.  Edward responded the only way he knew, by marching on Berwick, deposing Balliol and exiled him to France.

So, it came to pass, King Edward I of England claimed direct rule over Scotland, without the spilling of any English blood.

Edward ordered that the “Stone of Scone,” a symbol of Scotland’s Independence, that which Scottish Kings were crowned upon was moved to Westminster Abbey.

In the May of 1297, William Wallace killed the Sheriff of Lanark, for the murder of his wife.  This was an affront to the English King; Edward I and punishment was demanded.

William Wallace received much support from rebel Scottish forces, leading to the Battle of Stirling Bridge on the 11th September 1297, where battle hardened English forces were defeated by the Scots.

Edward made peace with the French, leaving him free to sort out William Wallace, whom he defeated at the Battle of Linlithgow in 1298.  Wallace evaded capture and fled to France seeking military support from Edward’s old enemies.  King Philip the Fair, commended Wallace in his cause, in letters sent to Pope Clement V, and support came from the Moray family, they who were linked to Templars and Freemasons.  In 1303 Scots and English clashed at Roslin, which led to Scottish victory thanks to the Templar Knights led by a St.Clair.  William Wallace an outlaw against the English crown created hell for seven years before being betrayed by one of his own.  He was arrested, found guilty, hung, drawn and quartered in London of 1305.  Wallace’s body parts were hung in; Newcastle -On-Tyne, Berwick, Sterling and Perth.

Only two Scots had an undisputable claim upon the Scottish throne; Robert the Bruce the 8th Earl of Carrick and John Comyn.  Robert worked with Edward I, but it wasn’t long before John Comyn informed Edward, that Robert the Bruce was scheming against him.  News reached Robert, that his life was in danger, forcing him to take direct action.

With John Comyn a favourite of the Pope and Edward I, he rose the Battle Standard for the growing Celtic revival which existed in his own ranks.  It was a calculated gamble.  Comyn had been lured to Dumfries Franciscan church, and Robert attacked him on the altar steps and Robert refused aid to a dying man.  Edward and the Pope condemned such an act on holy ground, and Scottish patriots read it as a defiance of the English.  On the 10th February 1305 Robert the Bruce was excommunicated by the Pope.  In 1306 Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland by Countess Buchan at Scone.

King Edward I of England died in 1307 and succeeded by his weak and homosexual son Edward II and crowned on the 28th February 1308.  King Philip sprung his trap on the 13th October 1307, arresting Templars across France and seizing their treasures.  He had been foiled, much of the Templar treasure had disappeared, as a Templar fleet slipped anchor the previous night laden with treasures.

Part of the Templar fleet is said to have headed to Argyll and the Firth of Forth in Scotland, where they sought sanctuary.

In March of 1314, Jacques de Molay last Grand Master of the Knights Templar and Geoffrey de Charney were burned at the stake in Paris.

On the 6th November 1314, the Scots greatest victory over the English took place at the “Battle of Bannockburn.”  English forces were over powering the Scots until the intervention of warriors carrying the battle flag of the Templars, ensuring victory for the Scots, led by Sir William St.Clair, Grand Master of the Scottish Templars.

This great victory was the stepping stone to Scotland’s Independence.  For the next fourteen years the Scots fought the English, when in 1328 England formally recognised Scotland as a free nation… Scotland had gained their Independence, and much blood had been spilt.

These Templars who had fled France had been granted sanctuary in Scotland.  This land whose king, Robert the Bruce had been excommunicated by the Pope, had turned Scotland into pagan lands, thus any Christian ruler could mount a crusade against these heathens.  In 1317 Pope John XXII tried to impose a truce between the English and Scots, Robert the Bruce responded by capturing Berwick.  Papal Scottish relations reached an all-time low, when the English lied to the papal court, by claiming Scottish forces were attacking English forces.  In 1320, the Popes response was to send two papal legates to serve further notices of excommunication against Robert the Bruce.  On the 6th April 1320, the Declaration of Arbroath was published by Scottish Barons in reply to these charges.

Based on the words written in the Declaration of Arbroath, the senior Lords of Scotland were Templars.  They would act more like a president than a king.  One of the Templars who signed this document, was one Lord Henry St.Clair of Rosslyn.

An interesting thought, some hundred years before the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath, the Magna Carta was signed by King John under persuasion by a group of armed lords which included Templar Knights.  To this day, it be the only document of the English constitution that can be compared with the Bill of Rights of the United States, that which was inspired by the Masons.

In the October of 1328, Pope John XXII released Robert the Bruce from a ban of excommunication, and on the 3rd June 1329, aged fifty-five; Robert died.  Robert was succeeded by his son King David II aged five, and Lord Randolph of the Moray family was appointed as Regent until the boy came of age.  Before Robert the Bruce died, he had vowed to return to Jerusalem and fight the mighty Saracen, and as a mark of respect, his embalmed heart was taken by Sir William de St.Clair and Sir James Douglas on a final crusade to Jerusalem, they lost their lives on route at the Battle of Andalusia.  Bruce’s heart failed to reach the city of Jerusalem, and was returned for burial at Melrose Abbey.  Sir William de St.Clair was buried at Rosslyn.

Once Scotland was recognised as part of Christendom, the Templar’s chose to disappear from sight, becoming a member of the secret society, now that the Vatican had the power to prosecute its enemies.

A new secret Order of the Templars was created.  So it was, by the time Scotland had reached agreement to pay homage to the Pope, Templars of Scotland had become invisible.  Of course they still existed if you knew where to seek them out… one place being the St.Clair family.

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