18th March 1314: Jacques de Molay

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Jacques de Molay

The Grand Master of the Knights Templar was the spiritual, political and military leader of the order.  He ran the order from Jerusalem, then Acre, Cyprus and the final years from France.

Jacques de Molay was born in 1244 in Franche-Comte, a region within Burgundy, France and related to the Lords of Longwy.  Around 1265/66 entered the Order of the Knights Templar at the Preceptory of Beune, according to his Chinon confession, and was received by Humbert de Pairaud.

In 1291 fought at the siege of Acre which fell to the Saracens, and some two years later was appointed Grand Master of the Order, taking up his new post in 1293.

De Molay pushed for recovery of the Holy Land, and to this end visited Rome, Paris and London in 1294, gathering support for a new Templar force.  He sought an alliance with the Mongols and Arwad.  He purchased six war galleons from Venice with invasion in mind and re-established a Christian foothold in Syria.  However, his proposed operation was a failure.

In 1306 Jacques de Molay was summoned from Cyprus by Pope Clement V to meet with Fulk de Villaret, his opposite number in the Hospitallers, to discuss plans for a new Crusade and proposals to amalgamate the two orders. De Molay conceded that there were some advantages, but on the whole, it was a bad idea as such rivalry existed between the two orders.  Fulk de Villaret Grand Master of the Hospitallers agreed with Jacques de Molay, that such a merger was doomed to failure.

The Grand Masters of Knight Templar and Hospitallers agreed a large force could be successful in re-establishing the Christian kingdom in the Holy Land.

Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templar travelled next to Paris.  For on the 12thOctober 1307 he acted as pallbearer to Queen Catherine of Valois funeral.

On the 13thOctober Jacques de Molay Grand Master of the Knights Templar along with 5,000 French Templars were arrested by order of King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement V, charged with blasphemous crimes and heresy.  He underwent interrogation and torture by Royal agents of the crown in the Templars own dungeons in the Paris Temple.

Finally, he confessed on the 24thOctober to some accusations; spitting on the cross and denial of Christ.  However, he would never confess to homosexual practices.

On the 25thOctober, Jacques de Molay had to make a public confession to the masters of the University of Paris, and urge his followers to do likewise.

Jacques de Molay, Raymbaud de Caron, Hugues de Pairaud, Geoffroi de Charney and Geoffroi de Gonneville were moved to Chinon Castle. It was here they confessed to three Cardinals sent by the Pope, who bestowed absolution upon them.  All except Raymbaud de Caron returned to Paris to testify before the Papal Commission.

Within months, Jacques de Molay retracted his confession which had been obtained through torture.  He was held in captivity before being brought before lawyers, theologians and the public on the 18thMarch 1314, to hear his sentence, one of never-ending imprisonment.

Jacques de Molay supported by Geoffroi de Charney stunned their prosecutors by making a passionate last-minute defence of the Order of the Knights Templar.

The rebellious Templars were flung back into jail to await their sentence.  King Philip IV in a rage ordered that these two Templars be condemned to death, burnt at the stake as heretics before the day was out, in the shadow of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

According to the Chronicler; Giovanni Villani friars and holy men gathered up the ashes of these two Templar martyrs, and carried them away for burial in holy places.

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Knights Templar: “Rex Deus” Treasure

Holy Land

Jewish elders feared, a Roman invasion led by Titus, would plunder the Holy Land, and seize their priceless treasure which included the Essene and Cabalistic scrolls.

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How right they were for, for Roman General and later Emperor, Titus son of Emperor Vespasian, campaigned in Judea, where he besieged and almost destroyed Jerusalem in 70AD.

These Jewish elders hid their treasure, and fled to Europe, where many married into noble families.  Twenty-four became patriarchs, known as the “Rex Deus” families.

Hundreds of years passed by, and the secret location of the Jewish treasure, was passed down through the families, until the First Crusade.  Knighted members of the “Rex Deus” joined holy warriors, with a dual purpose, defeating Moslems and recovering family treasure.

The original knights of the nine Knights Templar were either born or related to the Rex Deus families.  Godfrey de Boullion was one of these and a French General, who led his forces against the Saracens during the First Crusade.  King Baldwin II of Jerusalem cousin to Godfrey de Boullion, played his part in the retrieval of their family treasure, by granting the Al-Aqsa Mosque, to be used by the Knights Templar.

Information handed down, through the centuries, led the knights to the family treasure, buried under what was Solomon’s stables.  It took nine years to excavate four large trunks of treasure and scrolls.

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Heavenly Jerusalem Print

With the death of King Baldwin II, the knights left the Holy Land, bound for Europe.  They stopped off at St.Omer in Flanders, where the document known as the “Heavenly Jerusalem” was copied, and can now be found at the University of Ghent’s Library in Belgium.

Following a special ceremony taken by Pope Honorius III at the Council of Troyes in 1128.  Hughes de Payen and Andre de Montbard, delivered the four trunks of treasure to Kilwinning in Scotland, home of the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry.

The four trunks of treasure resided at Kilwinning for many years before being moved to Rosslyn Castle, near Edinburgh, home of the Sinclairs.  The Sinclairs were one of the “Rex Deus” families, and legend has it, they became entwined with the Knights Templar when Catherine de Saint Clair married Hughes de Payen, before he took the vows of a monk in 1128.  With a Sinclair Templar bond, one can understand why much knights, treasure ended up in Scotland, and when they fled France in 1307, more treasure made its way to Scotland, and into the coffers of the Sinclair clan.

Rosslyn Chapel

Rosslyn Chapel

When fire broke out at Rosslyn Castle, four trunks of Templar Treasure was moved to Rosslyn Chapel, which was under construction.  One has to ask, was Rosslyn Chapel its planned destination?

Historical information tells us, four large trunks from the Holy Land, have made their way into a vault within the chapel’s crypt.

Rosslyn Chapel’s construction is a copy of Solomon’s Temple.  As such, these trunks have been placed in a copy building which resembles Solomon’s Temple.

Templars: The Round Church

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem

Jerusalem lies at the centre of all medieval maps, and became the centre of the crusader’s world.  This became known throughout the world, as the most sacred place in the most sacred city, the supposed site of the burial of Jesus: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

It was here, the Crusader’s inherited a round church, and it was the goal of every pilgrim, who came under the protection of the Knights Templar, to reach the holiest site of all, and give prayer to their God.  For this was the building of all buildings on earth, that must be defended at all costs from its enemies… Many would lay down their lives, defending it at all costs.

The Templar’s built many round churches across Europe, and recreated the sanctity of the most holy place: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre.  In their eyes they believed if one was buried in a round church, it was as though they had been buried in Jerusalem.

Tomb of William the Marshall

Tomb of William Marshal

One who would be honoured in this way was William the Marshal, Earl of Pembroke who died in 1219, he had been adviser to King John and Regent to the boy King: Henry III.

Marshal who had taken the cross as an old man, laid recumbent with effigies of his sons in defence of their father.

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Rosicrucians: Out of Darkness

Rosicrucian Order

In the 18th century, some four hundred years after the Templar Order had been forced out of the limelight.  They were to emerge as an influential Order within Masonic and Rosicrucian beliefs.

Karl Gottheff, Varon von Hund, founder of the Strict Observance Rite, who established Templar traditions, Templar rules within the Masons.  Baron von Hund had been initiated into the Paris Lodge, led by Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons, and the Guardians of Templar traditions.

Supporters of the Jacobite cause claimed that a Masonic Lodge had been founded in 1700’s Scotland, and drew its charter from a surviving Templar Chapter, which had been operational for some 700 years, in Bristol.

At his Masonic initiation, von Hund claims to have met with the knight of the Red Feather, better known as Prince Charles Stuart.  Baron von Hund went on to found a German branch of the neo-Templar’s in Germany.  Based on von Hund’s account of things, the Scottish chapter of the Knights Templar had been founded by two English members of the Order.  They who had discovered the Elixir of Life, and actively practised alchemy.

A popular 18th century occult myth states that Templar’s were initiates of Gnostic teachings passed down by the Essenes, they who had iniated Jesus into its mysteries.  Meo-Templarism attempted to combine pagan and wisdom with Christian ideals.  According to Freemasonry, Templar influence of the 18th century spoke of a myth; three renegade Knights betrayed King Phillip of France to fellow Masons, who murdered Hiram Abiff in Solomon’s Temple.  Masonic references of assassination of Charles de Monte Carmel a prominent Templar who underwent a ritual murder…  This murder according to 18th century Masons, marked a turning point in the history of the Knights Templar and led to their eventual downfall.

The survival of the Knights Templar tradition was masterminded by Jacques de Molay, the Order’s last Grand Master, whilst in a French prison awaiting his execution.  On the evening of the 17th March 1314 the night before being burnt at the stake on unproved charges of heresy.  DeMolay sent a trusted aide to the Templar’s secret crypt in Paris, where the Order’s past Grand Master’s had been entombed.  Symbolic objects sacred to the Order, were duly removed.

Jacques de Molay trusted his aide, with the future of the Knights Templar.  The two pillars which stood at the entrance to the templar tombs were in fact hollow and contained money and artefacts.  It was De Molay’s wish that they be removed, before falling into the hands of the French Monarchy.  The Templar money and symbolic objects were to be used in the re-creation of the Order, preventing the loss of their secrets.

The two pillars of the crypt entrance were copies of the obelisks which stand at the gateway of Solomon’s Temple.  The pillars held detailed manuscripts, detailing occult teachings within the Templar Order.

Johann Augustus Starck, another claimant of the Templar revival, encountered Masonic Templarism whilst teaching in St.Petersburg.  He went on to make contact with surviving Templar Order’s in Southern France, they who were renowned for practising in the Cathar style.  It was Stark’s belief that the Templar’s had inherited occult from the likes of Persia, Seria and Egypt, and these were passed on to the Essenic secret society, operating in the Middle East during the Crusades.

His version of neo-Templarism received approval leading to patronage of European aristocrats and membership of new Masonic Templar lodges.  Gustav III of Sweden became a patron to neo-Templarism, a firm supporter of the Scottish Pretenders and the Jacobites.

Frederick the Great

Frederick the Great

In 1767, Frederick the Great founded two neo-Masonic lodges; “Order of the Architects of Africa,” and the “Knights of Light.”  That same year, Frederick the Great became a financial supporter of Orthodox Freemasonry.  In the next year (1768) Frederick commissioned the construction of a Grand Lodge for the Prussians.

A few years later, the title Illuminati was one of the Masonic Secret Societies.  The “Order of the Illuminati, the occultists became a title associated by Rosicrucian’s and known as key figures in secret political history.

The grand convention of Masonic Lodges in 1771 openly admitted mythical descent from the Templar Order.  Johann Augustus Stark’s group merged with Baron von Hund’s.

adam-weishauptThe Illuminati were founded by Adam Weishaupt, a professor at the Bavarian University of Ingoldstat, in the year 1776, the same year as the American Revolution.  He being of Jewish descent, educated by Jesuits in the Catholic faith.

Whilst an undergraduate, Weishaupt studied Ancient Pagan Religions, Eleusinian Mysteries and Theories of the Greek mystic and philosopher; Pythagoras.  As a student drafted a constitution for a secret society, centred on paganism.

In 1774, he made contact with a Masonic lodge in Germany, and was disappointed by what he found.  They being ignorant to occult and Masonic connections, with no knowledge of pagan symbolism.

On the 1st May 1776, Adam Weishaupt announced the foundation of the “Order of Perfectibilists,” which later became known as the Illuminati.

Weishaupt had a vision, a political vision, a utopian state, with the abolition of private property, social authority and nationality.  He believed human beings would live in harmony, within a brotherhood, based on love, peace, spiritual wisdom and equality.  His main targets of reform were the Monarchy, Church and rich landowners.

The Illuminists attempted overthrow of Hapsburg in 1784, which led to the Bavarian government banning all secret societies, and so it was Weishaupt’s followers went underground.

Comte de Mirabeau a prominent Illuminist, was one of the founders responsible for the French Revolution of 1789.  Aiming at the destruction of the French Monarchy and destroying the Catholic Church, to be replaced by the “Religion of Love,” across France.

Early 1791, allegations arose about the role played by Masons and Illuminate, partly based on the confessions of Comte Cagliostro (Comte Cagliostro born Joseph Balsamo in Parlemo, Sicily in 1743) arrested in 1789 on charges of heresy.

Comte Cagliostro

Comte Cagliostro

Cagliostro married Lorenza Felicioni whom he controlled by use of hypnotism, taught to him by Dr.Mesmer a fellow Mason.  Lorenza went on to denounce her husband in the “Inquisition for practising heresy.”  He spoke of an international conspiracy by Illuminati, neo-Templar’s and Freemasons, taking place across Europe.  He revealed their ultimate object, was to complete work started by the original Knights Templar; the overthrow of the Papacy and the election of an Illuminist as Pope.

He went on to confess that large sums of money had been deposited in banks in Holland, Italy, France and England to finance revolutions.  Funds to finance the French Revolution came from the House of Rothschild… Was this fact or fiction, was Comte Cagliostro just trying to save his life.  No historical evidence can be found to support such claims.

The radicalism of Masonic Lodges prior to the French Revolution, alienated followers amongst aristocratic classes in France.  By 1792 few lodges were still practising, and faced hostilities from the revolutionary government.  At Versailles former Grand Master of a Templar lodge was lynched by an angry mob.  Masonry came under suspicion by those in power, in their belief of a counter revolution.

The Masons who had helped start the French Revolution, and within a few years became a victim of their own creation.

French Revolution

French Revolution

By 1796, it had become common knowledge that Masons and Templars had a hand in the French Revolution of 1789.  With Jacques de Molay, Templar’s last Grand Master, a prisoner in the Bastille before his execution in 1314, and as such, the Bastille was the first target for the mob.  It wasn’t long before connections revealed that the Templar’s and Jesuits were dedicated to the creation of a church within a church.

Duc’d Orleans, Grand Master of French freemasonry an illuminist, plotted against the French Royal family.  It is believed he practised a secret occult ritual, using relics from the past, which once belonged to de Molay.  Were these the sacred objects from the Templar Crypt in Paris?  Unfortunately, historical writings are unable to provide the answer.

“The Tomb of Jacques de Molay” was published in France of 1796, claiming that the French Revolution was the work of anarchists, they who could trace their lineage back to the Templar’s and Assassins.

Father Bamuel a Jesuit priest published his book; “Memoires pour serir de I’histoire du Jacobinisme,” tracing the survival of Manichean heresy through Catharism, Assassins, Templars, Freemasons and French Revolution.

The Royal Families of Europe were shocked by the Illuminist plot of universal revolution, they had witnessed the French Revolution and feared being next in line.  In 1790 the Bavarian government brought in a law that membership of the Illuminati was classed as a capital offence.

England feared the hand of these secret societies, and Parliament attempted to bring in the “Unlawful Societies Act,” which would have outlawed Freemasonry.  It failed, because they never dabbled in politics.

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise meant Freemasons faced a bleak future.  Bonaparte was well aware of the Illuminist’s role in the French Revolution.  He used the Freemasons for his own political ends.

Joseph and Lucien, brothers of Napoleon Bonaparte became Grand Masters of the Orient.  They attracted many new members, and by the end of his reign the Grand Orient boasted some 1200 lodges across France, and by the 1800’s had infiltrated the French Colonies.

In the March of 1808, a neo-Templar Order held a public requiem for Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar.  Held at St.Paul’s Church in Paris, presided over by the Canon of Notre Dame; Abbe Pierre Romains.

In 1809 a secret Masonic Lodge came into being in France “Sublimes Maitres Parfait” (Sublime Perfect Masters), with similarities to Catharism.  They opposed Napoleon and saw him as a traitor of France.

The pre-Royalist Masonic Lodge claimed success in 1814, with the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte in favour of King Louis XVII.  The Paris revolt of 1830, led to Louis Philippe taking his place on the throne.

king louis Philippe

Louis Philippe

Louis Philippe placed Freemasons under his protection, appointed Duc d’Orleans his son, as the Order’s new Grand Master.

The Masonic convention of 1842 held in Strasburg, sowed the seeds of the 1848 Revolution by radical elements in European Masonry; they preached anarchism and socialism.

In 1850 Napoleon III made it law, that Grand Orient Lodges were forbidden to interfere in politics, even though they received support of the politicians.

The Illuminati failed to create social order across France, but had influenced another revolution.

In 1776 American colonists challenged the British in the War of Independence, the blueprint, a society based on democracy, freedom and social equality… A New World.

American War of Independence

The American Revolution, a social experiment engineered by secret societies.

Wikipedia Images

The Green Man

Green Man

The Green Man

A major Templar site, the famed Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland, has a number of these Green Man carvings upon its walls, which suggests that the Templar’s recognised the Green Man as an ancient source of their idiosyncratic beliefs.

Often portrayed as a head with foliage growing from its mouth, the Green Man carvings represent fertility, growth of nature.  Although one assumes that the carvings are of Celtic origin this is not the case, being discovered in Borneo, Himalayas, Kathmandu, Ranakpur temples and chapels.

Being the primal King of the world, the Green Man is known by many legendary names; Osiris and Lucifer.  He is the life force, so he has the ability to manifest at any time, in any practical form, that meets the appropriate dress code of the area.

Templar sites were found on former sites where once the Druids built their temples.  Notre Dame Cathedral built by the Templar’s was one of many which sits upon pagan ground.

Chartres Cathedral in France does not have a single King, Bishop, Cardinal or Canon interred in its soil, being built upon a former pagan site.

Womb of the Earth

Womb of the Earth

The original altar built above the Grotte des Druides, houses a sacred dolmen, being identified with the “Womb of the Earth.”

Our Lady of Light

Our Lady of Light

Many of the architectural drawings for the finer parts of Gothic Cathedrals were obtained from a 2nd century Greek alchemical manuscript and dedicated to the patron of France;  Notre Dame de Lumiere (Our Lady of Light).  This design believed to be one of the most sacred designs on earth.

Other than Green Man carvings, Gothic styled Cathedrals were built with esoteric imagery and other pagan structures.  Cathedrals contained astronomical symbolisms of Gods and fables of cosmic creations.  The Gods were deemed as representations of planets and stars; the heavenly bodies of the universe.

Chartres Cathedral Labyrinth

Chartres Cathedral Labyrinth

Symbols found within Gothic Cathedrals, were known to convey strong messages about the power of feminine.  The Labyrinth on the floor of Chartres Cathedral in France refers to female mysteries.  This place is not for the praise of the Virgin Mary, because it is the home of the Black Madonna – Our Lady of the Underworld.

Baphomet

The Baphomet introduced by the Templars proved beyond doubt that the Knights Templar were Gnostic Occultists.  Their idol was used in many rituals by the order, its purpose to receive wisdom.

Levi a French Occultist depicted the Baphomet as that of a hybrid goat, containing spiritual and universal elements, revealing esoteric knowledge.

Central to the accusations brought against the Knights Templar at their trials, was that they worshipped an idol named Baphomet, said to have taken the form of a head.

The Baphomet is one aspect of the Templar myths which generate so many theories as to its true origins.  The interest in Baphomet has survived for hundreds of years and taken many forms.  The opinions on the Baphomet vary greatly from scholar to scholar and mystic path to mystic path.

Some describe the Templars as Devil worshipping Occultists, while historians are of the belief that the Templar’s were party to the machinations of corrupt government and church.  Some believe “Baphomet was the deity worshipped by the Knights Templar, and in Black Magic as the source and creator of evil; the Satanic goat of witches.

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Templar Order: The Dark Side

Knights Templar 1

Templar history reveals the transformation that was taking place through time.  They started out under the banner of Christianity, and it wasn’t long before they entered a darker period of history.

These changes took place, during their time in the Holy Land, when they came in contact with Cabala and learned of the teachings of the Jewish sects.

The Assassins mysticism and other perverse practices were incorporated into their system, and the emerging picture reveals Christian faith stepping back, giving way to secret occultist and black magic rituals.

They started out as poor knights of the Templar Order, and over a relatively short period of history, they had gone on to acquire considerable wealth.  So it was to be, they set their sights on grander goals.

Many became convinced that in order to gain wealth, all that was required was help from the dark side, which could be achieved through Black Magic.

Scientific methods were used in contacting and taking control of invisible powers by the use of secret codes, magic signs, formulas and incantations.  Poisons were prepared, elixir of life sought, alchemists desired to create gold through minor metals.

Templar’s sought control of this world, aided by the invisible one, worshipped Satan and called upon him to dominate the powers of darkness.

With years of research by the courts of King and Pope, they were able to prove that these Templar’s were hiding behind a Christian facade.

The Templar’s had gathered dark world symbols, traditions and rituals, and founded a system within castles built for the purpose; it was the start of secret societies evolutions.

The Templar’s never ceased to exist; they infiltrated the lodges of weak and passive Masons, and went on to found the “Order of the Rosicrucian’s,” reorganizing and strengthening the order.

Baron Karl von Hund, creator of Masonry’s “Rite of Strict Observance” added the Templar legend to the Masonic Craft.

Over the following centuries, Masonic Templarism branched out, expanding world-wide and becoming a serious global power, yet staying true to its Templar ideology.

In 1717, Masons created an organization providing tolerance and freedom of thought within religious, political and ideological environment of the 18th century.  Signs, traditions and ceremonies of the organization were derived from Freemasonry, Templar and Rosicrucian secret societies.  Its philosophy was the idea of free thought.