Priory of Sion Grand Master: Isaac Newton

 

Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton

England was being torn apart by civil war and plague, and amidst this a premature Isaac Newton was being born into this world on the 25th December 1642, with little hope of survival.  Against all odds, Isaac survived, and home was Woolsthorpe Manor, Lincolnshire.

1642: Isaac’s father, a farmer died some three months before his son was born.

1645: Isaac’s mother re-married, and he was raised by his grandmother.  He grew up to hate his stepfather, whilst his mother had hoped he would run the family farm.

Newton attended Grantham School, and found an interest in mechanics and technology, which led him down the path of inventing sundials.  Yet his life was set on a different path, an intellectual path.

1661: Newton attended Trinity College, Cambridge.  Isaac Barrow his professor of mathematics and his mentor, steered him towards solving mathematical issues.  For this he used Calculus, explaining how the universe was ruled by mechanical laws.

1665: Cambridge University was forced to shut its doors, as the plague spread across our lands.  Newton had no option but to return home.

1671: Newton, re-designed the humble telescope, with the use of mirrors instead of lenses, which brought praise from the Royal Society.

1679: With his mother on her deathbed, Newton returned to the family home of Woolsthorpe, embarking on a period of self-exposed exile, to carry out his research.  His research led him down the path towards alchemy; the study of nature and life, the medieval forerunner of chemistry.  Alchemists like Nicolas Flamel, sought to turn metal into gold.

1684: German philosopher; Gottfried Leibniz published mathematical articles, how equations could be used to describe the physical world.  Newton claimed he had done this twenty years earlier, yet it was never published.  Newton believed Leibniz had stolen his work, and as a result the two became bitter enemies.

1687: Newton published the “Philosophiae  Naturalis Principia Mathematica” the culmination of twenty years of thought and two years in the writing.  It outlined his theory of universal gravitation which equalled a mathematical description of the universe.

1689: Newton had made his name as a philosopher, and was attracted down a new path, that of a politician.  Newton fought King James II’s religious reforms, which led to him being elected as a member of parliament.

1691: Isaac Newton was elected to the post of Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

1693: In mid-1693, Newton suffered a nervous breakdown, but he still retained his public reputation, and soon after became warden of the Royal Mint.

1696: 17th century finances lay in crisis, as many coins were forgeries.  Under Newton’s rule, old currency was recalled and a new issue released, and counterfeiters were prosecuted.

1700: Newton was appointed Master of the Mint, a post he held for the rest of his remaining years.

1713: The Royal Society commissioned a committee to decide who invented Calculus; Isaac Newton or his arch enemy Gottfried Leibniz.  The committee voted in favour of Newton, yet Leibniz refused to concede defeat, and the feud would last until the death of both men.

1727: On the 20th March Isaac Newton celebrated philosopher died, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Priory of Sion Grand Master: Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle, Anglo-Irish chemist

Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle was born on the 27th January 1627, in County Waterford, Ireland, the seventh son of the Earl of Cork.  He was educated at Eton, and then travelled across Europe, learning as he went until his return in 1644, with a head full of scientific ideas.  He took up residence in Dorset, where he built himself a laboratory.

In 1654, Robert Boyle took up the post as Grand Master of the Priory of Sion, a post he held until his death in 1691.

Around the mid 1650’s moved to Oxford, and took on assistant Robert Hooke, and together they designed a working vacuum chamber/air-pump.

In those days’ experimentation wasn’t the done thing, it was highly controversial.  The established method was to discuss it with like-minded scientist, using well established rules, which had been put together by the likes of Aristotle and other’s over the previous 2,000 years.

Boyle wasn’t interested in discussions, he wanted to observe what took place, and draw his own conclusions.  He became one of the first scientists to perform experiments, and go on to publish his work with details.  His first publication took place in 1659 on Philosophy – Medicine – Religion.

According to Boyle’s Law, this states that if the volume of gas is decreased, pressure increases proportionally.  Boyle defined what an element be, and went on to introduce the litmus test to tell acids from bases.

In 1660 Robert Boyle who was part of the “Invisible College” of dynamic English & European minds along with eleven fellow scientists formed the Royal Society in London, with King Charles II as its patron and sponsor, of the House of Stuart.  They would meet regularly to witness experiments and discuss their results.

In 1668, Boyle took up permanent residence in London, living with his sister.  In 1680 he was offered the presidency of the Royal Society, which he had played a part in its creation.  He had strong religious principles, and the oath of presidency violated his beliefs, for that reason he refused the post of President.

On the 31st December 1691 Robert Boyle died in London.

Priory of Sion: Sandro Botticelli

Sandro Botticelli

Sandro Botticelli (Renaissance Painter)

Sandro Botticelli (birth name: Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi), Florentine Renaissance painter, born in Florence, Italy in 1445.  A Grand Master of the Priory of Sion (1483-1510)

The name Botticelli is derived from his brother Giovanni the pawnbroker, called Botticello.

By way of his father the tanner, Botticelli served as an apprentice to a goldsmith.  Yet Botticelli showed no interest in being a goldsmith, but yearned to study art, and so it was he learned his trade under Filippo Lippi a Florentine master.

Lippi’s painting style, formed early Florentine Renaissance, that which would become fundamental in Botticelli’s own artistic formation.  Lippi taught Botticelli techniques of panel painting, fresco and control of linear perspective.  Stylistically Botticelli acquired from Lippi compositions, costuming, linear sense of form, and use of colours.

Botticelli’s works moved on after his master Lippi left Florence, studying sculptural styles of Antonio Pollaiuolo and Andrea del Verrocchio leading Florentine painters of the 1460’s.  Under their influence Botticelli produced figures of sculptural roundness and strength, replacing Lippi’s delicate approach with robust and vigorous naturalism shaped by beauty.  By the 1470’s Botticelli had become an independent master with his own workshop in Florence.

For Sandro Botticelli art was his life, and he never married, and lived at the family home.

Around 1478-1481 Botticelli’s art entered a period of maturity, gone was the tentiveness in his brush strokes, to be replaced by mastery.  Integrating figures and placing them in harmonious compositions, and drawing the human form with such a compelling show of vitality.

Botticelli painted altar pieces in fresco on panels, tondi (round paintings) small panel pictures, devotional triptychs.  His altar pieces are known to include narrow vertical panels.

Virgin and Child (Date Unknown)

Madonna of the Magnificat (1482)

Virgin and Child with St.John and Angel (1490)

Botticelli’s skill as a portrait artist gained him the patronage of the Medici family; Lorenzo de Medici and his brother Giuliano de Medici.  Giuliano was assassinated in the Pazzi conspiracy of 1478, and Botticelli painted de famatory fresco of hanged conspirators.  These frescos were destroyed in 1494, after the expulsion of the Medici family.

Many commissions given to Botticelli by rich patrons were normally linked to Florentine custons; the occasion of marriage.  One of his earliest works, the marriage of Antonio Pucci’s son, Giannozzo in 1483.

The Birth of Venus - Botticelli

The Birth of Venus: Sandro Botticelli

One of the greatest secular paintings by Botticelli has to be the “Birth of Venus,” (The birth of love in the world).

Sandro Botticelli died on the 17th May 1510 in Florence, and buried in the “Church of Ognissanti.”

Virgin and Child - Sandro Botticelli

Virgin and Child: Sandro Botticelli

Priory of Sion: Nicolas Flamel

Nicolas Flamel, French scrivener and manuscript seller

Nicolas Flamel the historical Alchemist was born around 1330, in Pontoise, France.  Flamel became a renowned French Scribe and manuscript seller.  As a book seller many rare books passed through his hands, and he acquired knowledge through these writings.

By chance he happened upon “The Sacred Book of Abraham the Jew, Prince, Priest, Levite, Astrologer and Philosopher to that Tribe of Jews who by the Wrath of God were dispersed amongst the Gaul’s.”  This discovery happened around 1361, and would change his life for the next twenty-one years.

In 1368 Nicolas Flamel married Perenelle, bringing the wealth of two former marriages to the partnership.  This French couple owned several properties including 51 Rue de Montmorency in Paris, one of the city’s oldest stone houses, which still stands to this very day.  An inscription upon the wall reads: “We. Ploughmen and women living at the porch of this house, built in 1407, are requested to say every day an ‘Our Father and an ‘Ave Maria’ praying God that his grace forgive poor and dead sinners.”

Flamel journeyed to Spain in 1382 where he met a converted Jew in Leon, he who would enlighten him, with the meaning of the texts.

His first successful alchemical transmutation took place in Paris, turning half a pound of mercury into silver then into gold.  Within a few short years Nicolas Flamel became a wealthy man, and spread his wealth around, doing good works.  By 1413, he founded fourteen hospitals, seven churches and three chapels in Paris and went on to found more buildings in Boulogne.

In 1398 Nicolas Flamel became Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

On the 22nd March Nicolas Flamel died, and was buried at the at the Musee de Cluny, in the Nave of the Church of Saint-Jacques-de-la-Boucherie in Paris.  His tombstone designed by him in 1410, had carvings of Christ, St.Peter and St.Paul upon it.

Priory of Sion: Marie de Saint-Claire

Saint Claire

Marie de Saint-Clair was born in 1192 to parents; Robert the Earl of Saint-Clair de Chaumont and Isabel Levis.  Also a descendant of Henry de Saint-Clair, the Baron of Rosslyn in Scotland.  He who joined Godfroi de Bouillon, on the First Crusade to the Holy Land.

The Chaumont, Gisors and Saint-Clair families were closely linked, with some historical connections, that Marie de Saint-Clair be the second wife of Jean de Gisors.

In the year 1220, Marie de Saint-Clair became Grand Mistress of the Priory of Sion, a post she held until her death in 1266.

During her life she had affairs with the Emperor, Frederick II and her grandson and his consort.

Marie de Saint-Claire’s blood lineage, starts way back in the 1100’s when Richilde the daughter of Henry the Holy and sister to Henry II married French nobleman Robert de Chaumont.  The estate of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte being her marriage dowry.

The youngest son of Richilde and Robert, took his father’s name Robert, inheriting land and title.

The French arm of the Saint-Clairs, linked to the Priory of Sion, the occult branch of the Templars.

Arnault de Saint-Claire, Marie’s grand nephew became a French Knights Templar, and joined his French cousins, fighting alongside William Wallace and Robert the Bruce, for Scottish Independence.

Jauffre de Saint-Clair a French Knight Templar assisted in the removal of Templar treasure from Paris, as King Philip IV of France destroyed the Order in 1307.

Jean de Saint-Clair, descendant of hers by way of her brothers, followed in her footsteps becoming Grand Master of the Priory of Sion from 1351 to 1366.

In the 18th century, a Breton Knight named Saint-Clair, a pirate employed by King Louis XV, a descendant of the French branch of the Saint-Clairs.  It is believed he fought in the Seven Years War in the French Army.  Later settled in America, and some of his descendants settled in Colorado, and the name changed to Sinclair.

Some Saint-Clairs emigrated to French Louisiana with a founding of a new branch of the family, others sought fortune, heading north to New England.

One Rose Sinclair became an actress during the Civil War, residing in Charleston until her death in 1892, and Rose’s brother Rufus Sinclair disappeared that same year, never to be heard from again.

The Saint-Clairs of Louisiana re-spelt their name to St.Clare.  Alexander St.Clare son of the late Augustine St.Clare, born in 1851 and brought up by New England Sinclairs from Vermont.

Alexander Sinclair became an army officer and military attache.  He married Frieda Jane Bowie, and was blessed with one daughter; Helga Katrina Sinclair, who became an adventurer and died in 1914 in an undersea expedition along with her five sons.

Alexander’s military tradition was carried on by family members; First Lieutenant Luke Sinclair, Second World War US Air Force hero, and his daughter Lt Colonel Sinclair.  Another daughter Alison Sinclair became a police officer and her brother John Sinclair a mercenary.

Dr. Mark Sinclair, a descendant of Alexander Sinclair of Louisana experimented with saurian serum.  Mark’s sister, Debra Sinclair spent her time in the New Orleans casino’s trying to rebuild the family fortune.

John Sinclair son of Alexander, the black sheep of the family was framed for murder of his wife’s lover.

One Sinclair of California, married a Spanish-American woman, fathering Mariano and Orlando Sinclair who grew up in the L.A. ghettos.

The Saint-Clair’s owned estates on both sides of the English Channel; England and France.  It wasn’t long before the English Saint-Clair’s parted from their French counterparts, changing the family name first to St.Clare then Sinclair.

Neville Sinclair changed the family name to Neville St.Clair and in the 1880’s fell into a life of poverty as a beggar.

Nephews of Beatrice Sinclair included Cecily Sinclair, seaside hotel owner.  John C Sinclair who embarked on a life of crime, even to the point of taking the name of A.J.Raffles  who disappeared during the Boer War.

Marty Sinclair, the rich uncle of John C Sinclair became the victim of the true A.J.Raffles.

John C Sinclair dropped his life of crime, and married Ellen Patrick-Baxter.  Their son Neville Sinclair became an actor and worked as a German spy in Hollywood until his death in 1942.  Their other son Buck Sinclair became a British Secret Service agent, best remembered as the 14th Earl of Marnock whose son became Lord Brett Sinclair.

Lord Sinclairs cousin, one Morgan Sinclair engineer worked on the England to France Euro-Tunnel.

Priory of Sion: Rene D’Anjou

Rene d'Anjou

Rene d’Anjou was born on the 16th January 1409 in Angers, France.  Based on ‘Prieure Documents’ the young Rene became Grand Master of the Priory of Sion in 1418 with his uncle; Louis, Cardinal de Bar who created a Regency Grand Mastership which ran until 1428, when Rene had come of age.

In 1420 Rene married Isabella the daughter of Charles II of Lorraine.

Joan of Arc sought an audience with the Duke of Lorraine, Rene’s father-in-law in the spring of 1429.  She informed the Duke she was on a mission from God.  All I require of you, your son in-law Rene d’Anjou, a horse and an army to free France from these English forces.

The Dauphin, convinced by the sincerity of Joan’s words, gave his consent to such a mission, after an ecclesiastical commission proved without doubt, she was not a heretic.

So it was, Rene d’Anjou road alongside Joan, on her horse dressed in white armour at the head of the army.  In the May of 1429, she inspired French defenders of Orleans, under attack by the English, to rise up and follow her to victory, driving the English out of France.

Charles II died in 1431, and Rene claimed the lands of Lorraine by right of marriage to his daughter.  His claim received support from King Charles VII of France.  Not everyone supported his claim to the lands of Lorraine, for Antony of Vaudemont contested his right to these lands.

On the 2nd July 1431, Rene and Antony fought at the Battle of Bulgneville, where Rene was defeated, taken prisoner and handed over to Philip the Good, the Duke of Burgundy.  In the May of 1432, was released after his sons John and Louis became hostages.  In 1433 Rene agreed to the marriage of his daughter Yolande with Ferry; Antony’s son.  In the April of 1434, Sigismund the Holy Roman Emperor recognised Rene as the Duke of Lorraine and in the November of the same year, Rene went on to inherit the lands of Anjou and Provence from Louis III.  Philip the Duke of Burgundy, felt betrayed and in the December of 1434, Rene found himself a prisoner once again, behind bars, where he would stay until 1437.  His release was only made possible with territorial concessions and a mighty ransom.

Whilst Rene rotted in prison, Joan II of Naples died in February 1435, making Rene her heir.  John son of Rene was promised in marriage to Philip’s niece.

In the spring of 1438 Rene sailed to Naples where his wife Isabella had been defending the city against Alfonso V of Aragon.  In November 1441, lost Naples to Alfonso and abandoned the city in June of 1442, returning to Provence in the October.

Maine had been occupied by British forces since the 1420’s, and Rene sought to recover it for his younger brother Charles, so in the April of 1444 took part in Anglo-French talks at Tours.  Negotiations led to the marriage of his daughter Margaret to King Henry VI of England in 1445.  Promises and agreements were broken, and so it was, Maine had to be taken back by force in 1448.

In 1448, Rene established the ‘Order of the Crescent, which included Francesco Sforza, the Duke of Milan and father of the Count of Lenoncourt, patron to Leonardo da Vinci.  The Order of the Crescent attracted much ecclesiastical displeasure, forcing the Pope to suppress the Order.

King Charles VII of France assisted Rene to pacify Lorraine and the marriage of Yolande and Ferry in the summer of 1445.  Rene would accompany Charles VII during his victorious campaigns against the English in Normandy in the years 1449-1450.

Rene and Isabella of Lorraine were married as children, and had a happy marriage.  With Isabella’s death in 1453, her duchy of Lorraine passed to Rene’s son John.  Rene was inconsolable over her death; his beloved had been taken from him.  He needed a change, and so he answered the call, to pick up his sword and go to war.

In 1466 received the title; King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from Catalan rebels.

Rene had strained relations with Louis XI of France, and was forced into the position of having to yield Anjou to the French crown.

Rene a known lover of the arts was obsessed with the legend of the Holy Grail, and created an aura of a fairy tale within his own court.  Being an accomplished painter, a skill he developed whilst in prison.

He was a writer and a poet, who would be mocked by Noble Lords.  Rene sought knowledge, and he opened a school of the arts in his own duchy.  He employed Jean de Saint-Reny a Jewish astrologer and physician, the great-grandfather of Nostradamus.

Cosimo de Medici, friend of Rene embarked on a joint venture, sending operatives around the world collecting ancient manuscripts, which would be displayed at the Public Library of San Marco.  The University of Florence, then began teaching Greek, for the first time it had been read – written or spoken in 700 years.

Rene d’Anjou and Cosimo de Medici opened a Philosophical School, teaching Platonic, Neo-Platonic, Pythagorean, Gnostic and Hermetic thinking.  Which combined served as a catalyst for the renaissance and the continuance of power from the Catholic Church begun by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund.

Rene d’Anjou would find love once again in the arms of Jeanne de Laval, a nobleman’s daughter, who brought his fairy tale court alive once again.

Rene d ‘Anjou died on the 10th July 1480 at Aix-la-Chappele, and was buried at the Church of Saint Maurice in Angers.

The symbol of the Free French Forces of the Second World War, derives itself from Rene d’Anjou, when he became the Duke of Lorraine.

Priory of Sion: Jean de Gisors

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Priory of Sion Grand Master: Jean de Gisors

The society’s first Grand Master was Jean (John) de Gisors a French nobleman of the 12th century, born in 1133 and died in 1220.  

A Norman lord of Gisors fortress in Normandy, and a former vassal (who gave military service in return for protection or land) to Henry II and Richard I, Kings of England.

Around 1170-1180, purchased Buckland Manor in Hampshire, and went on to found Portsmouth, thus creating a trading route between England and France.

He donated lands to Augustinian Canons of Southwick Priory, to build a chapel in memory of Thomas Becket ; martyr of Canterbury Cathedral.  

A 12th century elm tree marked the border between Normandy, ruled by the English, and the royal lands of France.  It became a place for negotiations between English and French Kings.

With the fall of Jerusalem, English and French Kings squabbled under the elm tree, and in 1188, the French cut down the tree in question.

With the fall of the elm tree, the Priory of Sion separated from the Knights Templar, and went on their own path, with Jean de Gisors assuming the post of the first Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

Jean de Gisors supported Prince John’s failed rebellion against King Richard I in1193, and it cost him dearly; the forfeiture of his lands to King Richard I of England.

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References/Sources:
The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail by Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln.
The Templar Revelation by Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince.

Rex Deus by Marilyn Hopkins, Graham Simmans and Tim Wallace-Murphy.

Knights Templar: Bloodlines

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The Sinclair Clan, the guardians of the Templar Order of Scotland…

So it was in 1128, the Scottish/Templar alliance came into existence when founder of ‘Order of the Knights Templar’ one Hughes de Payens met with King David I of Scotland, at the request of Henry Sinclair.

Following the 1129 Council of Troyes, St.Bernard de Clairvaux integrated Scotland’s Celtic Christian Church, which hid itself within Catholicism.

When King David I ascended to the Scottish throne, he faced a Celtic Christian Church with financial hardships, and so its survival relied on it being part of St.Bernards Cistercian Order.

The Cistercian Order had no direct links with Rome, but was permitted to operate as a separate arm of Rome… Which resulted that all Scotland’s Abbeys became known as Cistercian Abbeys.

King David’s sister, Edith married into the Flemish House of Boulogne, the driving force and founders of the Knights Templar.

The Sinclairs were more than just Templars, for they held membership with the Priory of Sion, they being the inheritors of treasurers of both orders.

Once Christian Crusaders from across Europe had freed Jerusalem, an unanticipated new order was created; The Knights Templar consisting of nine founding members not poor monks or warriors, but members from the European aristocracy, derived from royal Flemish families.

The Templar Order of the Knights Templar was created to protect Christian pilgrims as they journeyed to Jerusalem.  This being an effective cover for this secretive Order, the Priory of Sion and their true mission in Jerusalem.

Rome had charged the order, the Knights of St.John with the responsibility for protection of the pilgrims, many on route to Jerusalem.  The Templar Order was believed by many, using a cloaked disguise, protecting pilgrims, whilst their true agenda was excavation beneath ruined temples.

This leaves us with a question, who be the Masonic Order, who be the Priory of Sion, and what be their true agenda?

The Priory of Sion, a secret organisation with roots older than the Knights Templar.

Known themes of the order being; Arcadia – Black Madonnas and Mary Magdalene, have links to the priory and connected to this underground order.

Members of the Order of the Priory of Sion are divided into two groups:

The Legion, charged with the apostolate.
The Phalange, guardians of the tradition.

Office of Navigator, carries the symbol the boat of Isis.  Holding a sailing boat, with spinning wheel spindle as its mast, and water jug on top, with a serpent shaped handle, indicating Isis steers the bark of life.

The boat of Isis according to Egyptian legends, the vessel represents the female organ of generation.

The ‘Ark of the Covenant,’ believed to have been modelled by ancient Israelites.

Grand Masters/Leaders of the Priory of Sion:

  • Jean Gisors (1188-1220)
  • Marie De Saint-Claire (1220-1266)
  • Guillaume De Gisors (1299-1307)
  • Edouard De Bar (1307-1336)
  • Jeanne De Bar (1336-1351)
  • Jean De Saint-Claire (1352-1366)
  • Blance D’Evereaux (1366-13980
  • Nicolas Flamel (1398-1418)
  • Rene D’Anjou (1418-1480)
  • Lolande De Bar (1480-1483)
  • Sandro Botticelli (1483-1510)
  • Leonardo Da Vinci (1510-1519)
  • Connetable De Bourbon (1519-1527)
  • Ferdinand De Gonzaque (1527-1575)
  • Louis De Nevers (1575-1595)
  • Robert Fludd (1595-1637)
  • Valentin Andrea (1637-1654)
  • Robert Boyle (1654-1691)
  • Isaac Newton (1691-1727)
  • Charles Radclyffe (1727-1746)
  • Charles De Lorraine (1746-1780)
  • Maximillian De Lorraine (1780-1801)
  • Charles Nodier (1801-1844)
  • Victor Hugo (1844-1885)
  • Claude DeBussy (1885-1918)
  • Jean Cocteau (1918-1963)

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