Scotland’s Freemasonry

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William St.Clair

Scottish Freemasonry started with the building of Rosslyn Chapel to the south of Edinburgh.

The Evidence:

  • Rosslyn has links to the Jewish Temple through the Knights Templar and Freemasonry.
  • If one looks at the ground plan of Rosslyn Chapel, it is a copy of Herod’s Temple in Jerusalem.
  • Within Rosslyn Chapel, there exists a stone document showing a First Degree Ceremony conducted by a Knights Templar.

Carvings within Rosslyn Chapel, were cut first from wood, await inspection by the Master of the Works, then cut in stone.

The lower window located in the chapel’s south-west corner, depicts a Freemasonic First Degree.  The figure shown be of a blind man kneeling between two pillars, with a noose around his neck, and a bible in his left hand.  The rope is held by another wearing the mantle of a Knights Templar.

The Seven Points… A Masonic Ceremony:

  • The man be blindfolded, an unusual form of blind justice.
  • The man kneels down.
  • The man holds a bible, many other figures holding books or scrolls can be found in Rosslyn Chapel.
  • The man has a noose about his neck, the only other figure within the chapel with a noose, is the angel Shemhazai wearing one about his feet.The sins of Shemhazai, caused God to send in the flood.  Shemhazai unable to face God hung himself between heaven and earth.
  • The man placed his feet in the posture used by Masonic candidates.
  • The ceremony takes place between two pillars of Masonic Lodge.
  • The noose being held by a knights Templar.

In 1440 William St. Clair renowned as one of the most powerful men in Scotland.

The building of Rosslyn Chapel was to house the treasures he had inherited from the Templars and establish a seat of spiritual authority to rival King James II who was dabbling in English politics and killed during the War of the Roses.

Formation of the Grand Lodge of Scotland:

1440 Masons given the Mason word by William to preserve the secret of the Templars.

1483 Masonry is starting to spread out as lodges initiate Candidates and give the ‘Mason Word.’

1599 Earliest surviving lodge just minutes from Edinburgh.

1601 James VI made a Mason at Lodge of Scoon and Perth.

1602 William Schaw sets up the modern lodge system in Scotland upon the instructions of James VI.

The Lodges of Scotland affirm William St. Clair of Roslin as hereditary Grand Master Mason of Scotland.

1603 James VI takes Freemasonry to England where he becomes King James I of England.

1641 Sir Robert Moray becomes the first Mason recorded to be born on English soil.

1715 First Jacobite Rising, lodges begin to disclaim their Scottish roots.

1717 Formation of Grand Lodge of London denies Jacobite heritage.

1725 First National Grand Lodge formed in Ireland.

1736 Grand Lodge of Scotland formed as a counter measure to London’s expansion.

William St. Clair of Roslin made First Grand Master Mason of Scotland and signs away his hereditary rights in favour of elected officers.

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Freemason: Paul Revere

paul revere

Paul Revere

Paul Revere was born on the 21st December 1734 in Boston to parents; Apollos Rivoire and Deborah Hitchbourn.  His father was a silversmith, and Paul was trained in the art, and when his father died in 1753, he carried on the family business.  He became one of America’s finest precious metal craftsmen.  He also practiced dentistry and developed an early form of orthodontics.

In 1760 Paul Revere became a Freemason, and shortly thereafter joined two political groups; “The Sons of Liberty” and “The North End Caucus.”  He would become an active member in the Sons of Liberty, a group consisting of American Patriots who sought liberty for the colonies.

In the August of 1765, Paul Revere took part in the Stamp Act riots, which saw mobs tear down government offices in protest, which forced Parliament to withdraw the impending Stamp Act.

In 1766, Parliament brought forth the “Declaratory Act” giving them the right to tax the colonies.

Paul Revere was not a man of words, but a silversmith and started producing engravings highlighting the British Government, and their unpopular laws in Boston.

On the 1st October 1768 a force of 2,000 British soldiers arrived in Boston.  Tensions quickly rose between occupying British forces, which led to the deaths of five Boston civilians on the 5th March 1770, a tragedy that was known as the Boston Massacre.

boston massacre

The Boston Massacre

Paul Revere produced the engraving “The Bloody Massacre” showing the murderous act which took place in King Street, Boston.  His propaganda convinced the public that Britain’s Parliament was flawed in their colonial policies.  Revere and the Sons of Liberty kept the memory of the Boston Massacre alive in people’s minds.  For on the first anniversary of the massacre “5th March 1771.”  Revere staged a display of Boston Massacre engravings from his home windows.  This form of propaganda achieved the desired effect, persuading civilians that liberty was a just cause.

In the April of 1775, rumours spread that the British forces stationed in Boston were preparing to attack the Sons of Liberty and American patriots.  What the British didn’t know, the Sons of Liberty were watching them, so they could warn of an impending attack.

Patriot leader Dr Joseph Warren dispatched Paul Revere and William Dawes by separate routes to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock.

Paul Revere put in place another warning system.  Robert Newman would set lanterns in the steeple of the Old North Church to alert colonists in Charleston.  One lantern meant the British were coming by land and two lanterns by sea.

Later Paul Revere would serve in the American Army as an artillery man and thereafter turn his attention back to his silversmith business, which led to his expansion with a sheet copper mill.  This gave the American navy the option to use copper in ship hull production.

In later years, he served as Grand Master of Boston’s Masonic Grand Lodge.  Paul Revere died on the 10th May 1818.

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Knights Templar: “Rex Deus” Treasure

Holy Land

Jewish elders feared, a Roman invasion led by Titus, would plunder the Holy Land, and seize their priceless treasure which included the Essene and Cabalistic scrolls.

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How right they were for, for Roman General and later Emperor, Titus son of Emperor Vespasian, campaigned in Judea, where he besieged and almost destroyed Jerusalem in 70AD.

These Jewish elders hid their treasure, and fled to Europe, where many married into noble families.  Twenty-four became patriarchs, known as the “Rex Deus” families.

Hundreds of years passed by, and the secret location of the Jewish treasure, was passed down through the families, until the First Crusade.  Knighted members of the “Rex Deus” joined holy warriors, with a dual purpose, defeating Moslems and recovering family treasure.

The original knights of the nine Knights Templar were either born or related to the Rex Deus families.  Godfrey de Boullion was one of these and a French General, who led his forces against the Saracens during the First Crusade.  King Baldwin II of Jerusalem cousin to Godfrey de Boullion, played his part in the retrieval of their family treasure, by granting the Al-Aqsa Mosque, to be used by the Knights Templar.

Information handed down, through the centuries, led the knights to the family treasure, buried under what was Solomon’s stables.  It took nine years to excavate four large trunks of treasure and scrolls.

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Heavenly Jerusalem Print

With the death of King Baldwin II, the knights left the Holy Land, bound for Europe.  They stopped off at St.Omer in Flanders, where the document known as the “Heavenly Jerusalem” was copied, and can now be found at the University of Ghent’s Library in Belgium.

Following a special ceremony taken by Pope Honorius III at the Council of Troyes in 1128.  Hughes de Payen and Andre de Montbard, delivered the four trunks of treasure to Kilwinning in Scotland, home of the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry.

The four trunks of treasure resided at Kilwinning for many years before being moved to Rosslyn Castle, near Edinburgh, home of the Sinclairs.  The Sinclairs were one of the “Rex Deus” families, and legend has it, they became entwined with the Knights Templar when Catherine de Saint Clair married Hughes de Payen, before he took the vows of a monk in 1128.  With a Sinclair Templar bond, one can understand why much knights, treasure ended up in Scotland, and when they fled France in 1307, more treasure made its way to Scotland, and into the coffers of the Sinclair clan.

Rosslyn Chapel

Rosslyn Chapel

When fire broke out at Rosslyn Castle, four trunks of Templar Treasure was moved to Rosslyn Chapel, which was under construction.  One has to ask, was Rosslyn Chapel its planned destination?

Historical information tells us, four large trunks from the Holy Land, have made their way into a vault within the chapel’s crypt.

Rosslyn Chapel’s construction is a copy of Solomon’s Temple.  As such, these trunks have been placed in a copy building which resembles Solomon’s Temple.

Scottish Poet and Freemason: Robert Burns

Robert Burns

Freemasonry has no greater name in its ranks, other than that of Robert Burns (Rabbie Burns). Higher tribute there is none for any man to say, justly, that the world is gentler and more joyous for his having lived; and that may truly be said of Robert Burns, whose very name is an emblem of pity, joy and brotherly love.

Robert Burns was born on the 25th January 1759 in Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland in a two roomed cottage, the home of a tenant farmer. His parents being William Burnes and Agnes Broun, who ran a small market garden.

In 1766, William Burnes faced a dilemma, he could no longer earn enough to support his growing family. The family set up home at Mount Oliphant Farm, a few miles down the road. It was at this time, William saw to it that his gifted son Robert received some form of education. By the spring of 1777 the family left Mount Oliphant before William faced financial ruin, and moved to Lochlea Farm.

The problems faced by William Burnes and other farmers at that time, was the short lease system, granted to farmers. If a farmer improved his land, he would find the rent would increase when it was time to renew his lease. So it was, they attempted to scrape a living from the poor soil, as best they could. William Burnes was one of these farmers.

On the 4th July 1781, aged just twenty-two Burns was initiated into the mysteries of Freemasonry at St.David’s Lodge, Tarbolton as an Apprentice. The Second and Third degrees were conferred upon him that very night following his initiation.

In February 1781, peasant farmer William Burnes died. Robert and his brother Gilbert rented the farm of Mossgiel, from lawyer Gavin Hamilton. Robert would spend little time on the farm, he let his brother Gilbert take over the running of it, as he spent more time on his writing and love of women.

On the 27th July 1784, Burns was elected Depute Master of St.James Lodge at Tarbolton, a position he held until St.John’s Day 1788.

In 1785 Robert Burns had an affair with household servant, one Elizabeth Paton, which bore a child out of wedlock.

In 1785/86 Robert Burns had an affair with Jean Armour, resulting in the birth of twins in 1786, much to her father’s displeasure. The couple announced they be married, but Jean was forced into requesting an annulment by her father.

In 1786 Robert Burns released his book of “Kilmarnock Poems” which received much praise from his critics and public alike. In the same year he moved to Edinburgh as his fame as a poet grew, where he mingled within literary circles.

On the 26th October 1786, Burns was made an honary member of St.John’s Lodge, Kilmarnock, with the designation of being a “Poet.” Major William Parker master of the lodge, became a great friend of Burns, to the point of subscribing to thirty-five copies of his collection of poems.

In 1787 Burns was made a Royal Arch Mason in Eyemouth

With fame as a poet, Jean Armour’s Mason father consented to an official marriage between Robert Burns and Jean Armour in 1788.

Success was short lived, but Burns the poet had a family to support, and so in 1791 relocated to Dumfries to take up the position of an excise officer.

Burns had another love, collecting and composing traditional Scottish songs. He will always be remembered for his composition “ Auld Lang Syne” sung across the world, in celebration of New Year.

Robert Burns, famed Scottish poet died in Dumfries in 1796 at the age of 37. He lived for the day, his love was writing, women and drink, leaving behind a trail of illegitimate children and broken relationships.

Rosicrucians: Out of Darkness

Rosicrucian Order

In the 18th century, some four hundred years after the Templar Order had been forced out of the limelight.  They were to emerge as an influential Order within Masonic and Rosicrucian beliefs.

Karl Gottheff, Varon von Hund, founder of the Strict Observance Rite, who established Templar traditions, Templar rules within the Masons.  Baron von Hund had been initiated into the Paris Lodge, led by Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons, and the Guardians of Templar traditions.

Supporters of the Jacobite cause claimed that a Masonic Lodge had been founded in 1700’s Scotland, and drew its charter from a surviving Templar Chapter, which had been operational for some 700 years, in Bristol.

At his Masonic initiation, von Hund claims to have met with the knight of the Red Feather, better known as Prince Charles Stuart.  Baron von Hund went on to found a German branch of the neo-Templar’s in Germany.  Based on von Hund’s account of things, the Scottish chapter of the Knights Templar had been founded by two English members of the Order.  They who had discovered the Elixir of Life, and actively practised alchemy.

A popular 18th century occult myth states that Templar’s were initiates of Gnostic teachings passed down by the Essenes, they who had iniated Jesus into its mysteries.  Meo-Templarism attempted to combine pagan and wisdom with Christian ideals.  According to Freemasonry, Templar influence of the 18th century spoke of a myth; three renegade Knights betrayed King Phillip of France to fellow Masons, who murdered Hiram Abiff in Solomon’s Temple.  Masonic references of assassination of Charles de Monte Carmel a prominent Templar who underwent a ritual murder…  This murder according to 18th century Masons, marked a turning point in the history of the Knights Templar and led to their eventual downfall.

The survival of the Knights Templar tradition was masterminded by Jacques de Molay, the Order’s last Grand Master, whilst in a French prison awaiting his execution.  On the evening of the 17th March 1314 the night before being burnt at the stake on unproved charges of heresy.  DeMolay sent a trusted aide to the Templar’s secret crypt in Paris, where the Order’s past Grand Master’s had been entombed.  Symbolic objects sacred to the Order, were duly removed.

Jacques de Molay trusted his aide, with the future of the Knights Templar.  The two pillars which stood at the entrance to the templar tombs were in fact hollow and contained money and artefacts.  It was De Molay’s wish that they be removed, before falling into the hands of the French Monarchy.  The Templar money and symbolic objects were to be used in the re-creation of the Order, preventing the loss of their secrets.

The two pillars of the crypt entrance were copies of the obelisks which stand at the gateway of Solomon’s Temple.  The pillars held detailed manuscripts, detailing occult teachings within the Templar Order.

Johann Augustus Starck, another claimant of the Templar revival, encountered Masonic Templarism whilst teaching in St.Petersburg.  He went on to make contact with surviving Templar Order’s in Southern France, they who were renowned for practising in the Cathar style.  It was Stark’s belief that the Templar’s had inherited occult from the likes of Persia, Seria and Egypt, and these were passed on to the Essenic secret society, operating in the Middle East during the Crusades.

His version of neo-Templarism received approval leading to patronage of European aristocrats and membership of new Masonic Templar lodges.  Gustav III of Sweden became a patron to neo-Templarism, a firm supporter of the Scottish Pretenders and the Jacobites.

Frederick the Great

Frederick the Great

In 1767, Frederick the Great founded two neo-Masonic lodges; “Order of the Architects of Africa,” and the “Knights of Light.”  That same year, Frederick the Great became a financial supporter of Orthodox Freemasonry.  In the next year (1768) Frederick commissioned the construction of a Grand Lodge for the Prussians.

A few years later, the title Illuminati was one of the Masonic Secret Societies.  The “Order of the Illuminati, the occultists became a title associated by Rosicrucian’s and known as key figures in secret political history.

The grand convention of Masonic Lodges in 1771 openly admitted mythical descent from the Templar Order.  Johann Augustus Stark’s group merged with Baron von Hund’s.

adam-weishauptThe Illuminati were founded by Adam Weishaupt, a professor at the Bavarian University of Ingoldstat, in the year 1776, the same year as the American Revolution.  He being of Jewish descent, educated by Jesuits in the Catholic faith.

Whilst an undergraduate, Weishaupt studied Ancient Pagan Religions, Eleusinian Mysteries and Theories of the Greek mystic and philosopher; Pythagoras.  As a student drafted a constitution for a secret society, centred on paganism.

In 1774, he made contact with a Masonic lodge in Germany, and was disappointed by what he found.  They being ignorant to occult and Masonic connections, with no knowledge of pagan symbolism.

On the 1st May 1776, Adam Weishaupt announced the foundation of the “Order of Perfectibilists,” which later became known as the Illuminati.

Weishaupt had a vision, a political vision, a utopian state, with the abolition of private property, social authority and nationality.  He believed human beings would live in harmony, within a brotherhood, based on love, peace, spiritual wisdom and equality.  His main targets of reform were the Monarchy, Church and rich landowners.

The Illuminists attempted overthrow of Hapsburg in 1784, which led to the Bavarian government banning all secret societies, and so it was Weishaupt’s followers went underground.

Comte de Mirabeau a prominent Illuminist, was one of the founders responsible for the French Revolution of 1789.  Aiming at the destruction of the French Monarchy and destroying the Catholic Church, to be replaced by the “Religion of Love,” across France.

Early 1791, allegations arose about the role played by Masons and Illuminate, partly based on the confessions of Comte Cagliostro (Comte Cagliostro born Joseph Balsamo in Parlemo, Sicily in 1743) arrested in 1789 on charges of heresy.

Comte Cagliostro

Comte Cagliostro

Cagliostro married Lorenza Felicioni whom he controlled by use of hypnotism, taught to him by Dr.Mesmer a fellow Mason.  Lorenza went on to denounce her husband in the “Inquisition for practising heresy.”  He spoke of an international conspiracy by Illuminati, neo-Templar’s and Freemasons, taking place across Europe.  He revealed their ultimate object, was to complete work started by the original Knights Templar; the overthrow of the Papacy and the election of an Illuminist as Pope.

He went on to confess that large sums of money had been deposited in banks in Holland, Italy, France and England to finance revolutions.  Funds to finance the French Revolution came from the House of Rothschild… Was this fact or fiction, was Comte Cagliostro just trying to save his life.  No historical evidence can be found to support such claims.

The radicalism of Masonic Lodges prior to the French Revolution, alienated followers amongst aristocratic classes in France.  By 1792 few lodges were still practising, and faced hostilities from the revolutionary government.  At Versailles former Grand Master of a Templar lodge was lynched by an angry mob.  Masonry came under suspicion by those in power, in their belief of a counter revolution.

The Masons who had helped start the French Revolution, and within a few years became a victim of their own creation.

French Revolution

French Revolution

By 1796, it had become common knowledge that Masons and Templars had a hand in the French Revolution of 1789.  With Jacques de Molay, Templar’s last Grand Master, a prisoner in the Bastille before his execution in 1314, and as such, the Bastille was the first target for the mob.  It wasn’t long before connections revealed that the Templar’s and Jesuits were dedicated to the creation of a church within a church.

Duc’d Orleans, Grand Master of French freemasonry an illuminist, plotted against the French Royal family.  It is believed he practised a secret occult ritual, using relics from the past, which once belonged to de Molay.  Were these the sacred objects from the Templar Crypt in Paris?  Unfortunately, historical writings are unable to provide the answer.

“The Tomb of Jacques de Molay” was published in France of 1796, claiming that the French Revolution was the work of anarchists, they who could trace their lineage back to the Templar’s and Assassins.

Father Bamuel a Jesuit priest published his book; “Memoires pour serir de I’histoire du Jacobinisme,” tracing the survival of Manichean heresy through Catharism, Assassins, Templars, Freemasons and French Revolution.

The Royal Families of Europe were shocked by the Illuminist plot of universal revolution, they had witnessed the French Revolution and feared being next in line.  In 1790 the Bavarian government brought in a law that membership of the Illuminati was classed as a capital offence.

England feared the hand of these secret societies, and Parliament attempted to bring in the “Unlawful Societies Act,” which would have outlawed Freemasonry.  It failed, because they never dabbled in politics.

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise meant Freemasons faced a bleak future.  Bonaparte was well aware of the Illuminist’s role in the French Revolution.  He used the Freemasons for his own political ends.

Joseph and Lucien, brothers of Napoleon Bonaparte became Grand Masters of the Orient.  They attracted many new members, and by the end of his reign the Grand Orient boasted some 1200 lodges across France, and by the 1800’s had infiltrated the French Colonies.

In the March of 1808, a neo-Templar Order held a public requiem for Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar.  Held at St.Paul’s Church in Paris, presided over by the Canon of Notre Dame; Abbe Pierre Romains.

In 1809 a secret Masonic Lodge came into being in France “Sublimes Maitres Parfait” (Sublime Perfect Masters), with similarities to Catharism.  They opposed Napoleon and saw him as a traitor of France.

The pre-Royalist Masonic Lodge claimed success in 1814, with the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte in favour of King Louis XVII.  The Paris revolt of 1830, led to Louis Philippe taking his place on the throne.

king louis Philippe

Louis Philippe

Louis Philippe placed Freemasons under his protection, appointed Duc d’Orleans his son, as the Order’s new Grand Master.

The Masonic convention of 1842 held in Strasburg, sowed the seeds of the 1848 Revolution by radical elements in European Masonry; they preached anarchism and socialism.

In 1850 Napoleon III made it law, that Grand Orient Lodges were forbidden to interfere in politics, even though they received support of the politicians.

The Illuminati failed to create social order across France, but had influenced another revolution.

In 1776 American colonists challenged the British in the War of Independence, the blueprint, a society based on democracy, freedom and social equality… A New World.

American War of Independence

The American Revolution, a social experiment engineered by secret societies.

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Medieval Rosicrucian History

Rosicrucian Order

The Rosicrucian Order

According to Rosicrucian mythical history, the said order survived the demise of pagan religions and the rise of Christianity.  It is believed, when the baby Jesus was born in Bethlehem, three initiates of the Order, travelled from the east to pay their respects.  Emperor Charlemagne of the Holy Roman Emperor, an early Mason built Gothic Cathedrals and went on to found a Rosicrucian lodge at Toulouse and one in France in the 9th century.  A heretical group of Roman Catholic monks founded the Order’s first Rosicrucian College in 1000 AD.

Grand Masters of the Order have contained many notable figures throughout history:

  • Dante, the Italian writer, poet and philosopher.
  • Francis Bacon, Chancellor of England under the reign of King James.
  • Robert Boyle, the English scientist.
  • Sir Christopher Wren, England’s renowned architect following the Great Fire of London, most remembered for St.Paul’s Cathedral.
  • Benjamin Franklin and the American Revolution of 1776.
  • Thomas Jefferson, President of U.S.A.

The Order itself had been in existence for some 3500 years, since its foundation in Ancient Egypt, under the rule of Pharaoh Thutmoses III of the 18th Dynasty.

The Rosicrucian’s political manifesto called for the abolishment of the current monarchy, and replaced by wise rulers.

  • A radical reformation of sciences and philosophy based on spiritual principles.
  • The discovery of universal medicine, one which would cure all illnesses and diseases.

English Civil War

The English Civil War of 1640 laid the foundations for revolution, giving the King the right to rule, without any divine rights.  A bloody conflict ended the French Revolution with the death of an English King.

Writings have been put forward, that the Order of the Rosy Cross was founded by ex-members of the Templar Order, after Pope Clement suppressed the Order.  The Order of the Templar’s and Rosy Cross (Rosicrucian’s), both used the same symbol, and dedicated to political and religious reforms.  Both were secretly engaged in occult and pagan practices.  Medieval Rosicrucian’s were credited with possession of magical powers; prolonging youth, summoning of spirits, invisibility and turning lead into gold.

Rosy Cross, the term derives from Latin; dew, crux or cross, the chemical sign for light.  Rosy Cross translates to that of an occult symbol of alchemical, turning matter into spirit, represented by lead and gold.

Based upon Freemasonry, occult symbolism of the Order of the Rosy Cross, represents evolution of humanity from materialism to spiritual perfection.  Symbolism changed the Order’s political aims, restoration of ancient world sciences, destroyed by Christianity.

Rosicrucian’s and Freemasons became linked at an early age, based on the Masonic poem of 1638:

“For what we presage is not in grosse,
for we be brethren of the Rosie Crosse,
we have the Mason’s Word and second sight,
things to come we can foretell aright.”

This informs us that the Rosicrucian’s knew the inner secrets of Freemasonry, possessing psychic powers to tell the future.

King Edward IIIThe Order of the Garter used the same symbol as the Rosy Cross in its symbolism, and as such has been linked with the Rosicrucian’s.  Founded in 1348 by Plantagenet King Edward III of England and dedicated to the Virgin Mary.   Edward a student of Arthurian legends, an Order which met at Windsor Castle around a specially built table, similar to that of King Arthur’s Fellowship of the Round Table.

The Order of the Garter insignia consists of a jewelled collar of gold and red roses with five petals contained within tiny garters.  The roses alternate with twenty-six golden knots, each represents a member of the Order.  Hanging from the collar, a representation of St.George the patron saint of England, killing the dragon, enamelled with gold and set with diamonds.

Knights would wear a velvet garter with red and white letters, the Order’s motto; “Honi soit qui mal y pense or Evil be to he who evil thinks.”  This motto came about when Edward made a comment as he bent down and picked up the garter dropped by the Countess of Salisbury, whilst they danced, which led Edward to form the premier chivalric order in English history.

Historical records show that the son of Edward III had connections with knights who fought in the Holy Land, and inducted into the Templar tradition.  These same knights founded an esoteric lodge on their return to England, and were known to practice the occult arts.  Over the centuries Rosicrucian’s or Masons had been knighted into the Order of the Garter, a privilege granted by a reigning monarch.

During the Elizabethan period of Tudor England, Rosicrucian’s and the monarchy had close ties with each other.

Dr John Dee

Dr. John Dee

Grand Master, Dr John Dee (1527-1608) of the Order, was the confidant of Queen Elizabeth I and a practising occultist.  In May of 1555 after casting the horoscopes of Mary Tudor and Princess Elizabeth, was arrested and charged with bewitching the Queen.

Despite his short spell of imprisonment, he went on to receive Royal patronage of Elizabeth I when she ascended to the throne.  He became the Queen’s confidant.  Dee played an active role in diplomatic and intelligence matter’s and was closely associated with Sir Francis Walsingham, credited for the founding of the British Secret Service.  Walsingham first came on the scene as the Queen’s bodyguard, at a time when the Queens life was in mortal danger, and went on to develop an intelligence network across England and Europe.

Sir Francis Walsingham

Rumours spread that both Sir Francis Walsingham and Dr John Dee were students of occultism and met in an underground witches coven in Tudor England, gathering material for his intelligence network.  In 1570 Walsingham was appointed Ambassador to France, which enabled him to extend his spy network.

Negotiations were taking place in Paris, for a proposed marriage between Queen Elizabeth I of England and the Duke of Anjou.  Walsingham was of the opinion that such a marriage would not be in the best interests of England, and worked to undermine it at every stage.  Dee was instructed by Elizabeth, to check the stars, and he reported back to his Queen, it would not be a happy union for Queen and country.

Sir Francis Walsingham and Dr John Dee created a series of codes which agents could use to send messages across Europe.

A book of cryptography written by Abbot of Spanheim was discovered by Dee in 1562.  He went on to write “The Monad,” a book of the occult, a study in esoteric symbolism.

With the publication of the “Fama Fraternitatis,” a number of new lodges were created, and members claimed that the Order of the Ruscrucian’s played a part in the Reformation, rise of the Lutheran movement of Germany and Switzerland.  As supporters of Protestant dissidents, it led to the weakening of the political power of the Roman Catholic Church; enemy of the Cathars, Templars and Freemasons.  In the beginning the Rosicrucian Order, believed religious reformers were the power behind the Protestant movement, creators of spiritual tolerance, and in turn gave them support.  In fact Protestantism became spiritually bankrupt as the Roman Christians, which gave it substance of esoteric credibility.

Johann Valentin Andrea, a Lutheran clergyman born in Austria of 1586.  In 1620 he founded Rosicrucian lodges across Austria.

During the English Reformation of Tudor history, King Henry VIII will be the King most remembered for the destruction of churches and cathedrals; “Dissolution of the Monasteries.”  Protestants rejected feminine principles within the Christian faith, with the rejection of the Virgin Mary, which led to the rise of Anglo-Catholicism within the Church of England.

Elias Ashmole

Elias Ashmole

Elias Ashmole (1617-1692) friend of King Charles II, knight of the Order of the Garter and Freemason.  In 1652, Ashmole revealed his connection to the Rose Cross, and spoke of the Duke of Norfolk, grand Marshal of England being cured of leprosy.

In 1650, the book “Fasciculus Chemicus” written by Arthur Dee, personal physician to Czar Ivan the terrible was published by Ashmole.  With the death of Ivan, Dee played his part and the Romanov dynasty was established upon the throne.

Elias Ashmole and William Lilly were founders of the Rosicrucian lodge in London.  It symbolized the golden age prior to the fall when humanity was spiritually perfect, a time referring to the rebuilding of Solomon’s Temple according to Templar traditions.

Social reforms and attacks upon the religious establishment, characterized Oliver Cromwell’s activities in the 1640‘s.  This suggests that secret societies supported the “English Civil War.”  Many Rosicrucian’s and Freemasons were aristocrats, and would support the Royalist cause… Although the Order called for the abolition of the monarchy.

The Royal Society was formed in 1660, built upon Rosicrucian concept of an Invisible College, offering studies in science, religion, and the arts.

By the latter part of the 1640’s the Rosicrucian Order had formed lodges across Europe; Hamburg, Nuremburg, Paris and Amsterdam.  In the early years of the 18th century, one by one, Masonic lodges were opening their doors.

An important Masonic personality of the time, Chevalier Andrew Ramsay, supporter of the Jacobite cause, whose intention it was to bring the Stuart dynasty back to its rightful place; the English throne.  In 1736 whilst addressing French Masons he spoke of Masonry being the heir to Templar Secrets.

English aristocrats, supporters of the Stuarts introduced Freemasonry into France.  Members of the Society of Legitimists campaigning for Scottish princes, and the British crown.  In 1721 Lord Derwentwater founded France’s first lodge in Dunkirk with a charter granted by England’s Grand Lodge.

By royal decree the King of France prohibited membership to those who served in his court, threatening them with imprisonment in the Bastille.  Despite disapproval, Masonry flourished across France, and by the 1750’s many lodges were actively practising their arts.

The Roman Catholic Church condemned Freemasonry in 1738.

Grand Master Duc d’Anton of the French lodges, publicly preached of liberty, brotherhood, love and equality.  He was succeeded by Comte de Clement, who under his Grand Mastership, Freemasons split into several groups.  Duc de Chartres was elected as their new leader in 1771 upon the death of Comte de Clement.  During his time, French and English Freemasonry separated as each became independent bodies.

Savalette de Lage founded the “Friends of Truth” secret society in the 18th century.  The politics of this group mapped out plans for social reformation, which later became the French Revolution.  The Neuf Soeurs Masonic Lodge founded in Paris had the task of creating an alternative educational system.

Neuf Soeurs lodge members gave lectures on history, literature, chemistry and medicine at the College of Apollo, the Greek Sun God.  During the French Revolution, the college became known as Lycee Republican, and its tutors wore the Phrygian cap of the revolutionary militia.

Duc de la Rochafoucard, one of the leading members of the radical lodge, who translated the American Constitution into French.

Images:
English Civil War – Edward III: Wikipedia
Elizabeth I – John Dee: Wikipedia
Francis Walsingham: Theonomy Resources
Elias Ashmole: Ashmolean

Birth of the Rosicrucian Order

Rosicrucian - Christianity

With the Order of the Knights Templar suppressed, rumours spread across Europe that the secret tradition they had chosen to follow, was still being practised.  In the latter years of the Middle Ages, information seeped out, that the Freemasons were connected to the Templar Order.  According to Crusade History, a handful of Syriac Christians, Saracen prisoners were rescued by Knights Templar who granted them protection.

These Christians indebted to the Knights Templar who had saved their lives, wanted to know more of the Templar Order, were initiated into the Order’s innermost circle, where they learnt about their occult mysteries.  When these Syriac Christians left the Holy Land, they travelled across Europe and eventually settled in Scotland.  It is here they founded a new chapter of the Templar Order which would later merge with Freemasons.

In the latter part of the 13th and early 14th century the Templar Order was disbanded, and fearing for their lives, thousand’s joined Masonic guilds.  Through the influence of these newcomers, of which many were occult initiates, esoteric symbolism of Masonic lodges was revived and Freemasonry was established.

Royston original-entrance

Knights Templar underground cave

The Templar tradition fled underground in the early part of the 15th century, at a time when the Church started a Holy Crusade, seeking out practitioners of witchcraft.

Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, two Dominican Monks, members of an inquisition set up in 1215 to root out and kill heretics, published the evil book; “Malleus Malefiracum” in 1484, which received approval from the Pope.

In 1486, Pope Innocent VIII issued a Papal Bull condemning witches, plunging Europe into an orgy of bloody persecution, which lasted some 250 years, claiming the lives of nearly a million people.

The 15th and 16th century would see a growth of the underground occult tradition.  The Moors, who had invaded Spain from North Africa in the 10th and 11th centuries, had crossed into Southern France.  It was at this time they introduced Arab and Jewish mystical teachings, better known as the Cabbala into Europe, before being driven back by Christian Kings.  Come the early years of the 1500’s a revival had taken place; interest in the occult sciences.

A monk was hired by Cosmos de Medici of the Italian Medici family of Italy to locate rare manuscripts.  In 1460 the “Corpus Hermeticum” was discovered and translated for publication in 1463.  Its publication marked a turning point, the great occult revival, culminating in the flowering of Renaissance when artists, writers and poets inspired by classical paganism produced works of art and literature.

Rosicrucian Order

Western history stepped forward, revealing to the world, a most influential secret society.  Its aim, the re-establishment of ancient Mysteries, which differed from the Templar Order, one which would be publicly accepted.  The societies earliest writings “The Restoration of the Decayed Temple of Pallas” equals the “Constitution of the Order,” refers to it as the Brotherhood or the Order of the Rosy Cross, started circulating across Europe in 1605.

The “Fama Frateritatis” publication of 1614, tells of the Rosicrucians history, stating within that the Order had been founded in the 1300’s by Christian Rosenkreuz (Pseudonym Name) a German mystic from an aristocratic family.

Christian Rosenkreuz, a German mystic entered religious life within a monastery at a young age.  Almost immediately he showed his disapproval to his parents, by rebelling against clerical life authority, and escaped this life by travelling to the Middle East as a companion to an older monk.  The old Monk died on route to Cyprus, leaving Christian Rosenkreuz with a choice, return home or continue on to Damascus.  He opted to continue on his master’s quest.

Rosenkreuz became a student of Cabbalistic in Damascus, until his return to Europe, by way of North Africa to study with Arabian occultists in Fez and Moorish Spain.  As part of his studies, he learnt the art of conjuring up elemental spirits, taught secrets of alchemy, the transformation of lead into gold.

Rosenkreuz travelled across the Middle East, learning about the Arabian occult, which leads one to believe that the Roscrucian Order was familiar with the teachings of Sufism.  These Rosicrucians have been compared with the Sufi Secret Society, founded in 12th century Bagdad and called the “Path of the Rose.”  Sufi master; Abdelkadir Gilani, founder of the order had the Red Rose as his personal symbol.  The Rosicrucian and Surfi Orders, shared many things, and both were known to practice the art of “Alchemy.”

Upon returning home to Germany, Rosenkreuz shut himself away for five years to continue his studies in the occult, its magical rituals and art of alchemy.  At the end of his chosen period of isolation, he declared to the world his found knowledge, only to be met by hostilities and ridicule.

He was faced with only one option, to create a secret society; “The Rosy Cross.”  He returned to the monastery where he started out as a novice monk, where his journey begun.  It was here he asked of three senior members to join him in his adventure.  They are referred to as the “Three Wise Men.”

They swore an oath of allegiance not to violate his secrets.  Four other Monks joined the order, making a total of eight Monks, the “Fraternity of the Rosy Cross.” Seven set out, spreading their word across Europe.

The Order of the Rosy Cross would follow Six Rules of Conduct:

  • Heal the sick without charge.
  • Wear no garment, revealing their occult beliefs.
  • Meet yearly to report their progress.
  • Each would nominate his replacement upon death.
  • They would take the initials “RC” as their identifying mark.
  • The Order of the Rosy Cross would remain a secret for at least one hundred years.

When one of their order died, he would be secretly buried without ceremony.  When Christian Rosenkreuz died, he was buried secretly, and it would be some 120 years before his tomb was discovered; a seven sided illuminated vault, which preserved his body.

Thutmoses III

Egyptian Pharoah: Thutmoses III

To understand more about the Rosicrucian Order… the “Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross,” one needs to look back at 18th Dynasty Egyptian history and Pharoah Thutmoses III, ruler of Egypt from 1500-1447 BC.  He was a skilled warrior capturing some 350 cities during his reign.

Thutmoses III-warrior

Thutmoses the warrior

It is believed he killed his own sister, to obtain ultimate power over his kingdom, not wanting to share rule with his sister; Queen Halshepsut.

Thutmoses III underwent a spiritual reformation in his later years, giving up the life of a military King, and turned to spiritual teachings.  He gathered together learned scholars, priests and philosophers, forming a secret society.

Rosicrucians - Rose Cross

Rosy Cross

The Rosicrucian Order… “Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis” in its Latin form, which translates to… “Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross.”  The Rose Cross symbol predates Christianity; the cross represents the human body, whilst the rose represents the individual’s unfolding consciousness.

(Images) Rosy Cross: You Tube
(Images) Rosicrucian – Christianity: You Tube
(Images) Templar Underground Cave: Wikipedia
(Images) Thutmoses III: Ancient Egypt
(Images) Thutmoses the warrior: Ancient Egypt