Rosicrucians: Out of Darkness

Rosicrucian Order

In the 18th century, some four hundred years after the Templar Order had been forced out of the limelight.  They were to emerge as an influential Order within Masonic and Rosicrucian beliefs.

Karl Gottheff, Varon von Hund, founder of the Strict Observance Rite, who established Templar traditions, Templar rules within the Masons.  Baron von Hund had been initiated into the Paris Lodge, led by Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons, and the Guardians of Templar traditions.

Supporters of the Jacobite cause claimed that a Masonic Lodge had been founded in 1700’s Scotland, and drew its charter from a surviving Templar Chapter, which had been operational for some 700 years, in Bristol.

At his Masonic initiation, von Hund claims to have met with the knight of the Red Feather, better known as Prince Charles Stuart.  Baron von Hund went on to found a German branch of the neo-Templar’s in Germany.  Based on von Hund’s account of things, the Scottish chapter of the Knights Templar had been founded by two English members of the Order.  They who had discovered the Elixir of Life, and actively practised alchemy.

A popular 18th century occult myth states that Templar’s were initiates of Gnostic teachings passed down by the Essenes, they who had iniated Jesus into its mysteries.  Meo-Templarism attempted to combine pagan and wisdom with Christian ideals.  According to Freemasonry, Templar influence of the 18th century spoke of a myth; three renegade Knights betrayed King Phillip of France to fellow Masons, who murdered Hiram Abiff in Solomon’s Temple.  Masonic references of assassination of Charles de Monte Carmel a prominent Templar who underwent a ritual murder…  This murder according to 18th century Masons, marked a turning point in the history of the Knights Templar and led to their eventual downfall.

The survival of the Knights Templar tradition was masterminded by Jacques de Molay, the Order’s last Grand Master, whilst in a French prison awaiting his execution.  On the evening of the 17th March 1314 the night before being burnt at the stake on unproved charges of heresy.  DeMolay sent a trusted aide to the Templar’s secret crypt in Paris, where the Order’s past Grand Master’s had been entombed.  Symbolic objects sacred to the Order, were duly removed.

Jacques de Molay trusted his aide, with the future of the Knights Templar.  The two pillars which stood at the entrance to the templar tombs were in fact hollow and contained money and artefacts.  It was De Molay’s wish that they be removed, before falling into the hands of the French Monarchy.  The Templar money and symbolic objects were to be used in the re-creation of the Order, preventing the loss of their secrets.

The two pillars of the crypt entrance were copies of the obelisks which stand at the gateway of Solomon’s Temple.  The pillars held detailed manuscripts, detailing occult teachings within the Templar Order.

Johann Augustus Starck, another claimant of the Templar revival, encountered Masonic Templarism whilst teaching in St.Petersburg.  He went on to make contact with surviving Templar Order’s in Southern France, they who were renowned for practising in the Cathar style.  It was Stark’s belief that the Templar’s had inherited occult from the likes of Persia, Seria and Egypt, and these were passed on to the Essenic secret society, operating in the Middle East during the Crusades.

His version of neo-Templarism received approval leading to patronage of European aristocrats and membership of new Masonic Templar lodges.  Gustav III of Sweden became a patron to neo-Templarism, a firm supporter of the Scottish Pretenders and the Jacobites.

Frederick the Great

Frederick the Great

In 1767, Frederick the Great founded two neo-Masonic lodges; “Order of the Architects of Africa,” and the “Knights of Light.”  That same year, Frederick the Great became a financial supporter of Orthodox Freemasonry.  In the next year (1768) Frederick commissioned the construction of a Grand Lodge for the Prussians.

A few years later, the title Illuminati was one of the Masonic Secret Societies.  The “Order of the Illuminati, the occultists became a title associated by Rosicrucian’s and known as key figures in secret political history.

The grand convention of Masonic Lodges in 1771 openly admitted mythical descent from the Templar Order.  Johann Augustus Stark’s group merged with Baron von Hund’s.

adam-weishauptThe Illuminati were founded by Adam Weishaupt, a professor at the Bavarian University of Ingoldstat, in the year 1776, the same year as the American Revolution.  He being of Jewish descent, educated by Jesuits in the Catholic faith.

Whilst an undergraduate, Weishaupt studied Ancient Pagan Religions, Eleusinian Mysteries and Theories of the Greek mystic and philosopher; Pythagoras.  As a student drafted a constitution for a secret society, centred on paganism.

In 1774, he made contact with a Masonic lodge in Germany, and was disappointed by what he found.  They being ignorant to occult and Masonic connections, with no knowledge of pagan symbolism.

On the 1st May 1776, Adam Weishaupt announced the foundation of the “Order of Perfectibilists,” which later became known as the Illuminati.

Weishaupt had a vision, a political vision, a utopian state, with the abolition of private property, social authority and nationality.  He believed human beings would live in harmony, within a brotherhood, based on love, peace, spiritual wisdom and equality.  His main targets of reform were the Monarchy, Church and rich landowners.

The Illuminists attempted overthrow of Hapsburg in 1784, which led to the Bavarian government banning all secret societies, and so it was Weishaupt’s followers went underground.

Comte de Mirabeau a prominent Illuminist, was one of the founders responsible for the French Revolution of 1789.  Aiming at the destruction of the French Monarchy and destroying the Catholic Church, to be replaced by the “Religion of Love,” across France.

Early 1791, allegations arose about the role played by Masons and Illuminate, partly based on the confessions of Comte Cagliostro (Comte Cagliostro born Joseph Balsamo in Parlemo, Sicily in 1743) arrested in 1789 on charges of heresy.

Comte Cagliostro

Comte Cagliostro

Cagliostro married Lorenza Felicioni whom he controlled by use of hypnotism, taught to him by Dr.Mesmer a fellow Mason.  Lorenza went on to denounce her husband in the “Inquisition for practising heresy.”  He spoke of an international conspiracy by Illuminati, neo-Templar’s and Freemasons, taking place across Europe.  He revealed their ultimate object, was to complete work started by the original Knights Templar; the overthrow of the Papacy and the election of an Illuminist as Pope.

He went on to confess that large sums of money had been deposited in banks in Holland, Italy, France and England to finance revolutions.  Funds to finance the French Revolution came from the House of Rothschild… Was this fact or fiction, was Comte Cagliostro just trying to save his life.  No historical evidence can be found to support such claims.

The radicalism of Masonic Lodges prior to the French Revolution, alienated followers amongst aristocratic classes in France.  By 1792 few lodges were still practising, and faced hostilities from the revolutionary government.  At Versailles former Grand Master of a Templar lodge was lynched by an angry mob.  Masonry came under suspicion by those in power, in their belief of a counter revolution.

The Masons who had helped start the French Revolution, and within a few years became a victim of their own creation.

French Revolution

French Revolution

By 1796, it had become common knowledge that Masons and Templars had a hand in the French Revolution of 1789.  With Jacques de Molay, Templar’s last Grand Master, a prisoner in the Bastille before his execution in 1314, and as such, the Bastille was the first target for the mob.  It wasn’t long before connections revealed that the Templar’s and Jesuits were dedicated to the creation of a church within a church.

Duc’d Orleans, Grand Master of French freemasonry an illuminist, plotted against the French Royal family.  It is believed he practised a secret occult ritual, using relics from the past, which once belonged to de Molay.  Were these the sacred objects from the Templar Crypt in Paris?  Unfortunately, historical writings are unable to provide the answer.

“The Tomb of Jacques de Molay” was published in France of 1796, claiming that the French Revolution was the work of anarchists, they who could trace their lineage back to the Templar’s and Assassins.

Father Bamuel a Jesuit priest published his book; “Memoires pour serir de I’histoire du Jacobinisme,” tracing the survival of Manichean heresy through Catharism, Assassins, Templars, Freemasons and French Revolution.

The Royal Families of Europe were shocked by the Illuminist plot of universal revolution, they had witnessed the French Revolution and feared being next in line.  In 1790 the Bavarian government brought in a law that membership of the Illuminati was classed as a capital offence.

England feared the hand of these secret societies, and Parliament attempted to bring in the “Unlawful Societies Act,” which would have outlawed Freemasonry.  It failed, because they never dabbled in politics.

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise meant Freemasons faced a bleak future.  Bonaparte was well aware of the Illuminist’s role in the French Revolution.  He used the Freemasons for his own political ends.

Joseph and Lucien, brothers of Napoleon Bonaparte became Grand Masters of the Orient.  They attracted many new members, and by the end of his reign the Grand Orient boasted some 1200 lodges across France, and by the 1800’s had infiltrated the French Colonies.

In the March of 1808, a neo-Templar Order held a public requiem for Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar.  Held at St.Paul’s Church in Paris, presided over by the Canon of Notre Dame; Abbe Pierre Romains.

In 1809 a secret Masonic Lodge came into being in France “Sublimes Maitres Parfait” (Sublime Perfect Masters), with similarities to Catharism.  They opposed Napoleon and saw him as a traitor of France.

The pre-Royalist Masonic Lodge claimed success in 1814, with the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte in favour of King Louis XVII.  The Paris revolt of 1830, led to Louis Philippe taking his place on the throne.

king louis Philippe

Louis Philippe

Louis Philippe placed Freemasons under his protection, appointed Duc d’Orleans his son, as the Order’s new Grand Master.

The Masonic convention of 1842 held in Strasburg, sowed the seeds of the 1848 Revolution by radical elements in European Masonry; they preached anarchism and socialism.

In 1850 Napoleon III made it law, that Grand Orient Lodges were forbidden to interfere in politics, even though they received support of the politicians.

The Illuminati failed to create social order across France, but had influenced another revolution.

In 1776 American colonists challenged the British in the War of Independence, the blueprint, a society based on democracy, freedom and social equality… A New World.

American War of Independence

The American Revolution, a social experiment engineered by secret societies.

Wikipedia Images

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Birth of the Rosicrucian Order

Rosicrucian - Christianity

With the Order of the Knights Templar suppressed, rumours spread across Europe that the secret tradition they had chosen to follow, was still being practised.  In the latter years of the Middle Ages, information seeped out, that the Freemasons were connected to the Templar Order.  According to Crusade History, a handful of Syriac Christians, Saracen prisoners were rescued by Knights Templar who granted them protection.

These Christians indebted to the Knights Templar who had saved their lives, wanted to know more of the Templar Order, were initiated into the Order’s innermost circle, where they learnt about their occult mysteries.  When these Syriac Christians left the Holy Land, they travelled across Europe and eventually settled in Scotland.  It is here they founded a new chapter of the Templar Order which would later merge with Freemasons.

In the latter part of the 13th and early 14th century the Templar Order was disbanded, and fearing for their lives, thousand’s joined Masonic guilds.  Through the influence of these newcomers, of which many were occult initiates, esoteric symbolism of Masonic lodges was revived and Freemasonry was established.

Royston original-entrance

Knights Templar underground cave

The Templar tradition fled underground in the early part of the 15th century, at a time when the Church started a Holy Crusade, seeking out practitioners of witchcraft.

Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, two Dominican Monks, members of an inquisition set up in 1215 to root out and kill heretics, published the evil book; “Malleus Malefiracum” in 1484, which received approval from the Pope.

In 1486, Pope Innocent VIII issued a Papal Bull condemning witches, plunging Europe into an orgy of bloody persecution, which lasted some 250 years, claiming the lives of nearly a million people.

The 15th and 16th century would see a growth of the underground occult tradition.  The Moors, who had invaded Spain from North Africa in the 10th and 11th centuries, had crossed into Southern France.  It was at this time they introduced Arab and Jewish mystical teachings, better known as the Cabbala into Europe, before being driven back by Christian Kings.  Come the early years of the 1500’s a revival had taken place; interest in the occult sciences.

A monk was hired by Cosmos de Medici of the Italian Medici family of Italy to locate rare manuscripts.  In 1460 the “Corpus Hermeticum” was discovered and translated for publication in 1463.  Its publication marked a turning point, the great occult revival, culminating in the flowering of Renaissance when artists, writers and poets inspired by classical paganism produced works of art and literature.

Rosicrucian Order

Western history stepped forward, revealing to the world, a most influential secret society.  Its aim, the re-establishment of ancient Mysteries, which differed from the Templar Order, one which would be publicly accepted.  The societies earliest writings “The Restoration of the Decayed Temple of Pallas” equals the “Constitution of the Order,” refers to it as the Brotherhood or the Order of the Rosy Cross, started circulating across Europe in 1605.

The “Fama Frateritatis” publication of 1614, tells of the Rosicrucians history, stating within that the Order had been founded in the 1300’s by Christian Rosenkreuz (Pseudonym Name) a German mystic from an aristocratic family.

Christian Rosenkreuz, a German mystic entered religious life within a monastery at a young age.  Almost immediately he showed his disapproval to his parents, by rebelling against clerical life authority, and escaped this life by travelling to the Middle East as a companion to an older monk.  The old Monk died on route to Cyprus, leaving Christian Rosenkreuz with a choice, return home or continue on to Damascus.  He opted to continue on his master’s quest.

Rosenkreuz became a student of Cabbalistic in Damascus, until his return to Europe, by way of North Africa to study with Arabian occultists in Fez and Moorish Spain.  As part of his studies, he learnt the art of conjuring up elemental spirits, taught secrets of alchemy, the transformation of lead into gold.

Rosenkreuz travelled across the Middle East, learning about the Arabian occult, which leads one to believe that the Roscrucian Order was familiar with the teachings of Sufism.  These Rosicrucians have been compared with the Sufi Secret Society, founded in 12th century Bagdad and called the “Path of the Rose.”  Sufi master; Abdelkadir Gilani, founder of the order had the Red Rose as his personal symbol.  The Rosicrucian and Surfi Orders, shared many things, and both were known to practice the art of “Alchemy.”

Upon returning home to Germany, Rosenkreuz shut himself away for five years to continue his studies in the occult, its magical rituals and art of alchemy.  At the end of his chosen period of isolation, he declared to the world his found knowledge, only to be met by hostilities and ridicule.

He was faced with only one option, to create a secret society; “The Rosy Cross.”  He returned to the monastery where he started out as a novice monk, where his journey begun.  It was here he asked of three senior members to join him in his adventure.  They are referred to as the “Three Wise Men.”

They swore an oath of allegiance not to violate his secrets.  Four other Monks joined the order, making a total of eight Monks, the “Fraternity of the Rosy Cross.” Seven set out, spreading their word across Europe.

The Order of the Rosy Cross would follow Six Rules of Conduct:

  • Heal the sick without charge.
  • Wear no garment, revealing their occult beliefs.
  • Meet yearly to report their progress.
  • Each would nominate his replacement upon death.
  • They would take the initials “RC” as their identifying mark.
  • The Order of the Rosy Cross would remain a secret for at least one hundred years.

When one of their order died, he would be secretly buried without ceremony.  When Christian Rosenkreuz died, he was buried secretly, and it would be some 120 years before his tomb was discovered; a seven sided illuminated vault, which preserved his body.

Thutmoses III

Egyptian Pharoah: Thutmoses III

To understand more about the Rosicrucian Order… the “Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross,” one needs to look back at 18th Dynasty Egyptian history and Pharoah Thutmoses III, ruler of Egypt from 1500-1447 BC.  He was a skilled warrior capturing some 350 cities during his reign.

Thutmoses III-warrior

Thutmoses the warrior

It is believed he killed his own sister, to obtain ultimate power over his kingdom, not wanting to share rule with his sister; Queen Halshepsut.

Thutmoses III underwent a spiritual reformation in his later years, giving up the life of a military King, and turned to spiritual teachings.  He gathered together learned scholars, priests and philosophers, forming a secret society.

Rosicrucians - Rose Cross

Rosy Cross

The Rosicrucian Order… “Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis” in its Latin form, which translates to… “Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross.”  The Rose Cross symbol predates Christianity; the cross represents the human body, whilst the rose represents the individual’s unfolding consciousness.

(Images) Rosy Cross: You Tube
(Images) Rosicrucian – Christianity: You Tube
(Images) Templar Underground Cave: Wikipedia
(Images) Thutmoses III: Ancient Egypt
(Images) Thutmoses the warrior: Ancient Egypt

The Green Man

Green Man

The Green Man

A major Templar site, the famed Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland, has a number of these Green Man carvings upon its walls, which suggests that the Templar’s recognised the Green Man as an ancient source of their idiosyncratic beliefs.

Often portrayed as a head with foliage growing from its mouth, the Green Man carvings represent fertility, growth of nature.  Although one assumes that the carvings are of Celtic origin this is not the case, being discovered in Borneo, Himalayas, Kathmandu, Ranakpur temples and chapels.

Being the primal King of the world, the Green Man is known by many legendary names; Osiris and Lucifer.  He is the life force, so he has the ability to manifest at any time, in any practical form, that meets the appropriate dress code of the area.

Templar sites were found on former sites where once the Druids built their temples.  Notre Dame Cathedral built by the Templar’s was one of many which sits upon pagan ground.

Chartres Cathedral in France does not have a single King, Bishop, Cardinal or Canon interred in its soil, being built upon a former pagan site.

Womb of the Earth

Womb of the Earth

The original altar built above the Grotte des Druides, houses a sacred dolmen, being identified with the “Womb of the Earth.”

Our Lady of Light

Our Lady of Light

Many of the architectural drawings for the finer parts of Gothic Cathedrals were obtained from a 2nd century Greek alchemical manuscript and dedicated to the patron of France;  Notre Dame de Lumiere (Our Lady of Light).  This design believed to be one of the most sacred designs on earth.

Other than Green Man carvings, Gothic styled Cathedrals were built with esoteric imagery and other pagan structures.  Cathedrals contained astronomical symbolisms of Gods and fables of cosmic creations.  The Gods were deemed as representations of planets and stars; the heavenly bodies of the universe.

Chartres Cathedral Labyrinth

Chartres Cathedral Labyrinth

Symbols found within Gothic Cathedrals, were known to convey strong messages about the power of feminine.  The Labyrinth on the floor of Chartres Cathedral in France refers to female mysteries.  This place is not for the praise of the Virgin Mary, because it is the home of the Black Madonna – Our Lady of the Underworld.

Baphomet

The Baphomet introduced by the Templars proved beyond doubt that the Knights Templar were Gnostic Occultists.  Their idol was used in many rituals by the order, its purpose to receive wisdom.

Levi a French Occultist depicted the Baphomet as that of a hybrid goat, containing spiritual and universal elements, revealing esoteric knowledge.

Central to the accusations brought against the Knights Templar at their trials, was that they worshipped an idol named Baphomet, said to have taken the form of a head.

The Baphomet is one aspect of the Templar myths which generate so many theories as to its true origins.  The interest in Baphomet has survived for hundreds of years and taken many forms.  The opinions on the Baphomet vary greatly from scholar to scholar and mystic path to mystic path.

Some describe the Templars as Devil worshipping Occultists, while historians are of the belief that the Templar’s were party to the machinations of corrupt government and church.  Some believe “Baphomet was the deity worshipped by the Knights Templar, and in Black Magic as the source and creator of evil; the Satanic goat of witches.

Wikipedia and Wallpaper Images

Templar Order: The Dark Side

Knights Templar 1

Templar history reveals the transformation that was taking place through time.  They started out under the banner of Christianity, and it wasn’t long before they entered a darker period of history.

These changes took place, during their time in the Holy Land, when they came in contact with Cabala and learned of the teachings of the Jewish sects.

The Assassins mysticism and other perverse practices were incorporated into their system, and the emerging picture reveals Christian faith stepping back, giving way to secret occultist and black magic rituals.

They started out as poor knights of the Templar Order, and over a relatively short period of history, they had gone on to acquire considerable wealth.  So it was to be, they set their sights on grander goals.

Many became convinced that in order to gain wealth, all that was required was help from the dark side, which could be achieved through Black Magic.

Scientific methods were used in contacting and taking control of invisible powers by the use of secret codes, magic signs, formulas and incantations.  Poisons were prepared, elixir of life sought, alchemists desired to create gold through minor metals.

Templar’s sought control of this world, aided by the invisible one, worshipped Satan and called upon him to dominate the powers of darkness.

With years of research by the courts of King and Pope, they were able to prove that these Templar’s were hiding behind a Christian facade.

The Templar’s had gathered dark world symbols, traditions and rituals, and founded a system within castles built for the purpose; it was the start of secret societies evolutions.

The Templar’s never ceased to exist; they infiltrated the lodges of weak and passive Masons, and went on to found the “Order of the Rosicrucian’s,” reorganizing and strengthening the order.

Baron Karl von Hund, creator of Masonry’s “Rite of Strict Observance” added the Templar legend to the Masonic Craft.

Over the following centuries, Masonic Templarism branched out, expanding world-wide and becoming a serious global power, yet staying true to its Templar ideology.

In 1717, Masons created an organization providing tolerance and freedom of thought within religious, political and ideological environment of the 18th century.  Signs, traditions and ceremonies of the organization were derived from Freemasonry, Templar and Rosicrucian secret societies.  Its philosophy was the idea of free thought.

Knights Templar: Temple Bruer

Temple Bruer

Temple Bruer Church and Buildings

Temple Bruer emerged in the middle of the vast Lincoln Heath, which spread out southwards from the city of Lincoln.  The heath sparsely populated, and during the Templar times, would have been desolate and forbidding.

The Order of the Knights Templar, were bequeathed the land by William of Ashby in the mid 12th century.  The Templar’s with their renowned vigour and enterprise built a great preceptor and established a productive estate.

As the Templar’s built their property, rumours spoke of a tunnel running under the heath, from the preceptor to the village of Wellingmore, some two miles away.  Templar properties were often associated with such clandestine features.

Temple Bruer Church Plan

Church Plan

The Temple Bruer estate would have been some 4,000 acres in size, featuring a round church, with a number of smaller buildings huddled around it, complete with a defensive wall and gatehouse.   The people living within would fall into four categories: Knights – Sergeants – Servants – Chaplains.

The village of Temple Bruer did not exist before the Templar’s arrived; it was built to house the workforce needed by the Order; labourers, builders along with their families, who would become the Templar’s tenants.  In 1259, the village was granted a charter to have its very own market.

The original Templar estate extended to the west, to an area known as Lincoln Cliff, where the knights typically exploited the climate and built a windmill.  They were in fact the first recorded users of windmills in Europe.

Ermine Street, the old Roman road, runs along the top of the cliff and would have been used by the Templar’s as they travelled up from London, and onto Lincoln and York.  It also follows the same route they would have taken to and from their training grounds at Byard’s Leap, which marks the southernmost limit of their property.

Lincolnshire Longwool Sheep

Lincolnshire Longwool Sheep

Temple Bruer made the change from arable farming to sheep farming, with the breeding of Lincolnshire Longwool sheep.  All wool produced on Templar farms in the immediate area, was collected at Temple Bruer, shipped in Templar vessels, from eastern ports, bound for the continent.  An extremely efficient system had been created, and Temple Bruer evolved into a wealthy preceptor in England.

Byard’s Leap, located to the south of Bruer’s estate, with sizeable stretches of level heath land, provided the Templar’s with tournament areas.  It was here they held war games… engaging forces would take part in simulated battles.

When the Knights Templar were dissolved, Temple Bruer passed to the Hospitaller’s who retained it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries, by King Henry VIII, who then sold the estate to the Duke of Suffolk.

Temple Bruer Tower

Temple Bruer Tower

Temple Bruer remains consist of a square, three-storey tower with a spiral staircase, constructed out of Lincolnshire oolitic limestone.  The tower underwent partial restoration in the early 20th century.  Interior walls consist of inscriptions, believed to be associated with the Templar’s.

(Image) Temple Bruer Church: Papa Donkey
(Image) Temple Bruer Tower: Papa Donkey
(Image) Temple Bruer Chauch Plan: Papa Donkey
(Image) Longwool Sheep: Wikipedia

 

Templar Trials

Justice

The Templar’s had defended Christendom against Islam in the Holy Land, protected pilgrims on route to Jerusalem and other holy sites.

In October of 1307, Templar’s in France were arrested on mass, and charged with acts of heresy.

French Templar’s, admitted charges of heresy under torture.  Pope Clement V, is said to have tried to block said trials, but was outmanoeuvred by King Philip IV of France, who stated if they admitted their guilt, they were guilty.  Any Templar who recounted his confession, claiming they gave a false statement under torture, found it mattered not, as they were still burned at the stake as relapsed heretics.

For British Templar’s they had King Edward II on their side, he being reluctant to arrest these individuals, questioning the legality of being told by France, what to do.

Edward found himself in a difficult position, his father Edward I had left him a kingdom in debt, he could not oppose his French counterpart.

Edward needed all the support he could muster, and as such had to comply by Pope Clement’s decree, if he wanted papal support.

Edward instructed his sheriffs in England, and officials in Scotland, Wales and Ireland, to arrest Templar’s on site, but made it known, that they were to be treated well, and comfortably housed, not imprisoned as urged by Pope Clement V.

Templar land became Edward’s lands.  He granted Templar’s a daily allowance of four pence, and two shillings for William de la More, chief official in Britain.  Allowances came from Templar revenue, and any surplus found its way to the royal treasury.  Edward used his windfall, paying off his father’s debts, rewarding his followers, with gifts to his supporters.

In September of 1309, two inquisitors appointed by the Pope; Abbot Dieudonne and Sicard of Vaur arrived in England, to carry out interrogations on the Templar’s.

On the 23rd October 1309, interrogations started in London.  What had been clear cut cases in France, proved anything but in England?  The Templar’s in London denied all charges of heresy.  The inquisitors wanted to use torture as they had done in France, but English common law did not allow the use of torture.

Procedures against possible heretics, allowed for church officials, to seek out those who were employed by the Templar’s.  Some seventeen non-Templar witnesses in November 1309 through to January 1310, came forward, and spoke in their support.

Robert the Dorturer, notary public figure of London, showed hostility towards the Templar’s accusing a former grand commander of sodomy… he was unable to produce any proof of his so called charges.

On the 23rd October 1309, the trial of the Templar’s commenced in London.

The initial interrogations by inquisitors taking place in London revealed some Templar’s had limited understanding.  They were unable to understand the differences; sins against God and infringement of rules as laid down by the order.  Only a priest could absolve a Templar of Sin.  Only a Grand Master could absolve one of infringing regulations.

On the 17th November 1309, Templar interrogations commenced in Scotland, but were cut short by the Anglo-Scottish war.  Those Templar’s who resided in Scotland, were of English origin, and confessed to nothing of a heretical nature.

Lord Henry Sinclair and Lord Hugh of Rydale, whose lands bordered the Templar estates of Midlothian, stated they believed the Scottish Templar’s were good Christians.  However, they could not speak for European Templar’s.

Irish Friar’s believed their Templar’s could be guilty of acts of heresy, but they had no proof to the fact.  It was based on here say.

Lincoln Castle

Lincoln Castle

When inquisitors reached Lincoln in March of 1310, they found similar confusion as in London, limited understanding of the order’s beliefs.  Similar confusion existed in York as well.

Templar Yorkshire priest; Ralph of Ruston declared to all those present, an Abbot can absolve persons of their convent, because he is a priest.

By June of 1310, papal inquisitors were becoming frustrated; for they had found no evidence of heresy among British Templar’s.  They believed torture was the only way, to get answers.

The papal inquisitors contacted Robert Winchelsey, the Archbishop of Canterbury, asking for assistance.  They complained King’s ministers were bribing the King, not to assist inquisitors.  Even to the point of buying off officials, who would be called upon to carry out acts of torture.

Tower of London.jpg

Tower of London

In the August of 1310, King Edward II agreed that all Templar’s held in Lincoln Castle, would be moved to London, arriving in the March of 1311, for imprisonment and torture.

In the July of 1311, Church Councils of London and York absolved Templar’s who agreed to swear off all heresy… any who refused, would remain in prison.

In the October of 1311, the Pope summoned a Church Council at Vienne in the south of France, to discuss British Templar’s.  Papal inquisitors only evidence was based on gear say evidence, second or third hand stories.

Only three British Templar’s were ever tortured; Stephen of Stapelbrugge, who had fled to Ireland during the troubles and returned home in June 1311, Thomas Totty who had infuriated Abbot Dieudonne and John of Stoke a priest.  They confessed to some charges, and it was enough to bring the work of the inquisitors to an end.  The Templar’s claim of innocence and evidence in their favour was ignored.  So it was in July of 1311 the Church Council in London, agreed to dissolve the Order of the Temple.

Not a single Templar in Britain was condemned on charges of heresy; no one was burnt at the stake.

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Chartres Cathedral: Sacred Geometry

saint-bernard-of-clairvaux

St.Bernard of Clairvaux

St.Bernard of Clairvaux, the patron saint of the Knights Templar, clearly regarded their architectural skills with much praise, and was particularly impressed by their soaring roofs and arches… With their distinguishing features of Gothic architecture as expressed at Chartres Cathedral and other 12th century French Cathedral’s.

Chartres Cathedral

Chartres Cathedral – France

Contained within the walls of Chartres Cathedral, Ancient Hebrew ciphers were added, spelling out obscure liturgical phrases in key positions, in the buildings structure.  Key designs to religious mysteries.

Similarly, sculptors and glaziers concealed texts about human nature, the past and prophetic scriptures, in its sculptural works and leaded glass.

The French Gothic Cathedral of Chartres contains sacred geometry, as used in its construction…

Chartres Cathedral Labyrinth

The Labyrinth

In the nave of the cathedral, we find a labyrinth on the floor made from white stone, set within dark coloured marble.  The labyrinth measures one tenth of the cathedral’s interior length, which equates to the central point of the buildings geometric construction.

Chartres Cathedral - West Front

West Rose Window – Chartres Cathedral

The diameter of the labyrinth is the same size as the West Rose Window.  The distance from the centre of the west rose window to the floor, is exactly the same as the distance from the centre of the labyrinth to the Cathedral’s west portal wall.

Putting it simply, the West Rose Window and the Labyrinth form a perfect equilateral triangle.

Within the Cathedral, distances between pillars and the length of the nave, transepts and choir, are multiples of the Golden Mean, (The Golden Mean is related to the dimensions of a pentagon, a shape much used in the building of Chartres Cathedral).

The ribs supporting the vaults of the quadrangle units of which the cathedral is composed of, are the shape of the golden triangles.

Chartres - Latin Cross Plan

The grand plan view of Chartres Cathedral is in the design of a Latin Cross.  It symbolizes Light of the Cross, where Spirit and Matter converge.