In the year 1180, Catholic preachers arrived in Latvia with German merchants by way of old Viking trading routes along the Daugava River. Upon arrival, they established communities, built churches, went forth preaching and performing baptisms among the Livonian people.
These “Holy” men were welcomed by the pagan tribes of this land. However, things changed, when Livonian’s refused to convert to the new religion, only then did the Catholic preachers show their true colours, by calling upon armed forces to aid them in their goal.
In the early years of the 14th century, after countless and bloodied battles, that the lands of Latvia and Estonia were eventually captured by German forces, and converted to Catholicism.
The new religion; Christianity saw the people of Latvia and Estonia baptized by force. As many parts of this new religion was not forced upon the Baltic tribes, thousand’s of its people continued to practice their pagan customs and beliefs.