The Maltese Cross was officially adopted by the Order of the Knights Hospitallers of St.John in the year 1126.
It consists of eight points, which denote the eight obligations of the knights:
- To live in truth.
- Have faith.
- Repent one’s sins.
- Proof of humility.
- Love justice.
- Be merciful.
- Sincere and whole-hearted.
- Endure persecution.
Some years later, the eight points of the cross, came to represent national groupings, of the noblemen who were admitted into the brotherhood.
- Castille and Portugal
- Baviere (Germany)
- England, Scotland and Ireland
The current symbol of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta is the Maltese Cross.