The Baltic Crusades were religious wars which took place between the 12th and 13th century. Undertaken by Christian military orders, against those who lived on the shores of the Baltic Sea. The result of many battles, led to the conversion and baptism to Christianity.
The Baltic/Northern Crusades date back to 1195 when Pope Celestine III called for these crusades against its pagan people. Christian Kingdoms of Poland, Scandinavia and the Holy Roman Empire had moved its forces into position, ready to conquer its pagan neighbours.
The Wendish Crusade took place in 1147, and the campaigns were against the Polabian Slavs also knows as the Wends, of northern and eastern Germany. The Wendish Crusade took place alongside the Second Crusade by the Catholic Church against Islam.
The Swedish Crusades took place in 1150 and 1293, and were carried out against the Tavastians, Karelins and Finns.
The Danish Crusades took place between the years of 1191 and 1202, and was spearheaded by Anders Sunesen a Danish Archbishop of Lund, together with his brother.
During the 12th century, the people of Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia formed a non-Christian wedge against their enemies; the Catholic Church in the west and the Orthodox Church in the east. Two Christian denominations, with two different creeds, failed to convert the people.
(Image) Baltic Crusade: mmdtkw.org